~ CHAPTER 12 ~ REFERENCES ~
Edition 9, October, 2009 (Updated 12/09) (Updated October 2010)

[A]~Before 1980, [B]~1980-1984, [C]~1985-1989, [D]~1990-1994, [E]~1995-1999, [F]~2000-2004, [G]~2005-2009, [H]~2010-2012,

Go to Fishery Degradation: A Global Perspective (Table of Contents).
Go to
Home Page of this entire web site

[A] ~ Before 1980 ~

49N1 Paul R. Needham (University of California, Berkeley), "Fresh-Water Resources Dam Construction in Relation to Fishery Protection Problems in the Pacific Northwest", Transactions of the 14th North American Wildlife Conference 3/7-9/49 Washington DC pp. 276-282.
66M1 J. L. McHugh, "Management of Estuarine Fisheries", American Fisheries Society Special Publication #3 (1966).
70W1 C. H. Wharton, "The Southern River Swamp - A Multiple Use Environment", School of Business Administration, Georgia State University (1970) 48 pp. (See Ref. (84T1), p. 14).
73C1 Colin W. Clark, "The Economics of Over-exploitation", Science, 181 (1973) pp. 630-634.
76M1 Jean Mayer, "The Dimensions of Human Hunger", Scientific American, 235 (September 1976) pp. 40-49.
76R1 Roger Revelle, "The Resources Available for Agriculture", Scientific American, 235 (September 1976) pp. 165-178.
76U1 (Author Unknown), "Pricing a Swamp," Technology Review (July-August 1976).
77M1 Richard J. Martyr, Testimony before the Water Resources Subcommittee of the House Committee on Public Works and Transportation in support of retaining Section 404 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, (3/2/77).
77P1 Ian Payne, "Crisis in World Fisheries", New Scientist (5/26/77) pp. 450-452.
77T1 R. E. Turner, "Intertidal Vegetational and Commercial Yields of Penaeid Shrimp", Transactions of the American Fish Society, 106 (1977) pp.411-416. (See Ref. (84T1), p. 13).

78C1 Robert N. Coates, "The Road to Erosion", Environment, 20(1) (1978) pp. 16-20 and pp. 37-39.
78H1 Elinor Lander Horwitz, "Our Nation's Wetlands", Council on Environmental Quality, 1978. (Available from Address SUP1, Document # 041-011-00045-9).
78J1 E. Jaworski, C.N. Raphael, "Fish, Wildlife and Recreational Values of Michigan's Coastal Wetlands", Michigan Dept, of Natural Resources Report, (1978) 209 pp. (See Ref. (84T1), p. 13).

79M1 T. J. Merrill Jr., K. V. Koshi, "Habitat Values of Coastal Wetlands for Pacific Coast Salmonids", in P.E. Greeson, Editors, Wetland Functions and Values: the State of Our Understanding, American Water Resources Association. (1979) pp. 256-266.
79P1 D. S. Peters, D. W. Ahrenholz, T. R. Rice, "Harvest and Value of Wetland-Associated Fish and Shellfish", in P. E. Greeson, Editors, Wetland Functions and Values: the State of Our Understanding, Amer. Water Resources Association (1979) pp. 606-617.

[B] ~ 1980-1984 ~

80F1 Barbara Ferkiss, "Spectrum", Environment, 22(10) (1980) pp. 22-23 See Jan Lochner, World Environment Report (11/3/80).
80H1 Dwight Hair et al, An Assessment of the Forest and Range Land Situation in the U.S., FS-345, U.S. Dept of Agriculture (1980) 631 pp.
80M1 Wesley Marx, "Are We Fishing too Far Down on the Food Chain?", Readers Digest (October, 1980) pp.135-139.
80M2 James Russell McGoodwin, "The Human Costs of Development", Environment, 22(1) (1980) pp. 25-31 and 42.

81B1 Lester R. Brown, Building a Sustainable Society, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1981) 435 pp.
81C1 Council on Environmental Quality, Department of State, The Global 2000 Report to the President, Gerald O. Barney, editor, 2 (1981).
81C2 Robert N. Coates, Taylor O. Miller, "Developing Best Management Practices for California Forests", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 36 (1981) pp. 205-208.

82B1 Katherine Barton, "Spectrum", Environment, 24(2) (1982) p. 23.
82N1 Christopher Neill, "Louisiana Moves to Save its Wetlands," Not Man Apart (February/March 1982).

84B1 Katherine Barton, "Spectrum", Environment, 26(9) (1984) p. 22 from Business Week (10/01/84).
84L1 Jane Lareau, "Blind Ambition: Impounding Carolina Wetlands," Sierra (March/April, 1984) p. 19.
84R1 Dick Russell, Brian Keating, "Sushi Today, Gone Tomorrow", Amicus Journal, (Winter 1984), pp. 38-46.
84T1 Ralph W. Tinder, Jr. Wetlands of the United States: Current Status and Recent Trends, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service (March 1984) 59 pp.

[C] ~ 1985-1989 ~

85B1 Lester R. Brown, "Maintaining World Fisheries", in Linda Starks, editor, State of the World 1985, W. W. Norton and Co., New York, (1985) pp. 73-96.
85N1 National Research Council (NRC), Oil in the Sea, National Academic Press, Washington DC (1985).
86V1 Peter M. Vitousek, Paul R. Ehrlich, Ann H. Ehrlich, Pamela A. Matson, "Human Appropriation of the Products of Photosynthesis", Bioscience, 36(6) (1986) pp. 368-373.
87M1 Joseph R. Morgan, "Large Marine Ecosystems: An Emerging Concept of Regional Management", Environment, 29(10) (1987) pp. 4-9 and 29-34.

88B1 Lester R. Brown, Edward C. Wolf, "Reclaiming the Future", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1988, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1988) pp._______.
88B2 John Bardach, "Aquaculture: Moving from Craft to Industry", Environment, 30(2) (1988) pp.7-9.
88G1 David Guenther, "Pricey Catch", Pittsburgh Press (10/2/88).
88L1 Marcia D. Lowe, "Salmon Ranching and Farming Net Growing Harvest", World Watch, 1(1) (1988) pp. 28-32.

89L1 Nicholas Lenssen, "The Ocean Blues", World Watch, 2(4) (1989) pp. 26-35.

[D] ~ 1990-1994 ~

90A1 A. P. Achieng, "The Impact of the Introduction of Nile Perch on the Fisheries of Lake Victoria", Journal of Fish Biology, 37 (1990) pp. 17-23.
90B1 C. Boelcke, Mohamed El-Ashry, Andrea Motte-Baker, "World Environment Outlook" in Allen L. Hammond, editor, World Resources 1990-1991, Oxford University Press, New York (1990) pp. 1-10.
90B2 Salvano Briceno et al, "Oceans and Coasts", in Allen L. Hammond, editor, World Resources 1990-91, Oxford University Press, New York (1990) pp. 335-344.
90C1 B. J. Cutter, "World's seen Enough of Drift-Net Fishing", Pittsburgh Press (8/30/90).
90C2 Jeremy Cherfas, "The Fringe of the Ocean - Under Siege from Land", Science, 248 (1990) pp. 163-165.
90F1 Hilary F. French, Green Revolutions: Environmental Reconstruction in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, Worldwatch Paper 99, (November 1990) 64 pp.
90L1 Nicholas Lenssen, "Casting off Drift Nets", World Watch, 3(1) (1990) pp. 6-7.
90R1 Rosenberg, R., Elmgren, R., Fleischer, S., Jonsson, P., Persson, G. and Dahlin, H. "Marine eutrophication case studies in Sweden." Ambio 19, (1990) pp. 102-108.
90T1 Rose Tamburri, "Canada Tightens Curbs on Fishing of Northern Cod", Wall Street Journal (1/3/90).
90U1 (Unknown), "Financing Floats in for Fish Farming", Wall Street Journal (9/27/90).
90W1 World Resources Institute, World Resources: 1990-91, Oxford University Press, New York (1990).

91C1 B. J. Cutler, "US Wins Drift-Net Victory at Sea", Pittsburgh Press (12/3/91).
91D1 Davidson, N. C., Laffoley, D. d., Doody, J. P., Way, L. S., Gordon, J., Key, R., Drake, C. M., Pienkowski, M. W., Mitchell, R. and Duff, K. L. "Nature Conservation and Estuaries in Great Britain." Peterborough, U.K.: Nature Conservancy Council (1991).
91K1 Peter Korn, "The Salmon's Last Run", Amicus Journal, (Fall, 1991), pp. 30-35.
91M1 Charles McCoy, "US May Limit Giant Trawlers Share of Annual Alaskan Groundfish Harvest", Wall Street Journal, (6/21/91).
91S1 David Stipp, "Toxic Red Tides Seem to be on the Rise", Wall Street Journal (11/22/91).
91T1 B. Thorne-Miller and J. G. Catena, The Living Ocean: Understanding and Protecting Marine Biodiversity, Island Press, Washington DC (1991).
91U1 (Unknown), "US Bans Drift-net Fish Imports", Wall Street Journal, (9/19/91).
91U2 (Unknown), "Drift-net Ban Extension Sought", Wall Street Journal, (5/30/91).
91U3 (Unknown), "US Asks Total Drift-net Ban", Pittsburgh Press, (8/27/91).

92B1 Linda D. Bohrer, "Postscripts", Wall Street Journal, (4/10/92).
92G1 Gomoiu, M.-T. 1992. "Marine eutrophication syndrome in the northwestern part of the Black Sea." In Marine Coastal Eutrophication, R.A. Vollenweider et al. (editors). Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 683-692.
92H1 Richard L. Holman, "Postscripts", Wall Street Journal, (2/25/92).
92K1 Hal Kane, "Fishing for Trouble", World Watch, 5 (Nov-Dec.1992) pp. 33-35.
92M1 Charles McCoy, "Regulators Slash Salmon-Take in West, Highlights Threat to Fish's Survival", Wall Street Journal (4/13/92).
92M1 Charles McCoy, "Regulators Reel in Factory Trawlers", Wall Street Journal (11/23/92).
92M3 Charles McCoy, "US Tightens Farmers' Water Supply in California Effort to Save Salmon", Wall Street Journal (2/14/92).
92N1 Nehring, D. "Eutrophication in the Baltic Sea." In Marine Coastal Eutrophication, R.A. Vollenweider et al. (editors). Amsterdam: Elsevier, (1992) pp. 673-682.
92R1 John C. Ryan, "Conserving Biological Diversity", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1992, W.W. Norton and Co., New York (1992) pp. 9-26.
92S1 Smith, R. C. et al., "Ozone depletion: Ultraviolet radiation and phytoplankton biology in Antarctic waters", Science 255 (1992) pp. 952-959.
92S2 Carl Safina, A primer on Conserving Marine Resources, Editor 3, (1992) National Audubon Society Living Oceans Program, 32 pp.
92T1 Rosanna Tamburri, "Canada Imposes Ban on Fishing of Northern Cod", Wall Street Journal (7/3/92).
92U1 (Author Unknown), "EC Backs Altered Fishing Policy", Wall Street Journal, (4/6/92).
92W1 F. Witte et al, "The Destruction of an Endemic Species Flock: Quantitative Data on the Decline of the haplochromine Cichlids of Lake Victoria", Environmental Biology of Fishes, 34 (1992) pp.1-28.
92W2 Wolff, W.J. "The end of a tradition: 1000 years of embankment and reclamation of wetlands in the Netherlands." Ambio 21, (1992) pp. 287-291.

93B1 Lester R. Brown, "A New Era Unfolds", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1993, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1993) pp. 3-21.
93B2 James N. Butler, "The Bermuda Fisheries: A Tragedy of the Commons Averted?", Environment, 35(1) (1993) pp. 7-15 and 25-?
93D1 I. Davidson and M. Gauthier, "Wetland Conservation in Central America", Report 93-3, North American Wetlands Conservation Council, Ottawa (1993).
93D2 Dugan, P. (editor) 1993. "Wetlands in Danger. A World Conservation Atlas" New York: Oxford University Press. EC. 2003. Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, Version EUR25. Brussels: EC, DG Environment. Online. Available HTTP:
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/nature_conservation/eu_enlargement/ 2004/pdf/habitats_im_en.pdf#search='interpretation%20manual%20Habitats%20directive' (accessed 2 August 2006).
93F1 Tim W. Ferguson, "One Entangling Edible in the GATT Fight", Wall Street Journal, (11/23/93).
93H1 Richard L. Holman, "Sardines Threatened off Tunisia", Wall Street Journal (9/3/93).
93K1 Hal Kane, "Off the Scale", World Watch, 6 (May-June, 1993) pp. 36-37.
93K2 Hal Kane, "Growing Fish in Fields", WorldWatch 6(5) (1993) pp. 20-27.
93L1 R. Leichenko, James L. Wescoat Jr., "Environmental Impacts of Climate Change and Water Development in the Indus Delta Region", Water Resources Development, 9(3) (1993).
93R1 A. A. Rosenberg, M. J. Fogarty et al, "Achieving Sustainable Use of Renewable Resources", Science, 262 (1993) pp. 828-829.
93S1 K. Sherman, "Large Marine Ecosystems as Global Units for Marine Resource Management: An Ecological Perspective, pp. 3-14 in Large Marine Ecosystems: Stress, Mitigation and Sustainability AAAS Press, Washington DC (1993).
93U1 (Unknown), "Cod Ban", Pittsburgh Post Gazette, (9/1/93).
93U2 (Unknown), "Canada Curtails Fishing on its East Coast for 1994", Wall Street Journal, (12/21/93).
93W1 Peter K. Weber, "Abandoned Seas: Reversing the Decline of the Oceans", Worldwatch Paper 116 (November 1993).
93W2 Peter Weber, "Reviving Coral Reefs", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1993, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1993) pp. 42-60.
93W3 Peter Weber, "Missing Mangroves", World Watch (March-April 1993) pp. 30-32.

94A1 D. L. Alverson, M. H. Freeberg et al, "A global assessment of fisheries bycatch and discards", Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Fisheries Technical Paper T399 (1994).
94B1 Robert H. Boyle, "The Cost of Caviar", The Americus Journal, 16(1) (spring 1994) pp. 22-28.
94B2 Lester R. Brown, "Facing Food Insecurity", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1994, W.W. Norton and Co., New York (1994) pp.177-197.
94B3 Lester R. Brown, Hal Kane, Full House: Reassessing The Earth's Population Carrying Capacity, W.W. Norton and Co., New York (1994) 262 pp.
94B4 Lester R. Brown, "Who Will Feed China?", World Watch, 7(5) (1994) pp. 10-19.
94B5 R. Bonfil, "Overview of world elasmobranch fisheries", Rome, Italy: Food and agriculture Organization of the United Nations Fisheries Technical Report T341 (1994).
94H1 Bob Holmes, "Biologist Sort the Lessons of Fisheries Collapse", Science, 264 (1994) pp.1252-1253.
94H2 Joan Hamilton, Sierra, (November-December 1994) pp. 36-37.
94H3 A. Hindar, A. Henriksen, K. Torseth, "Acid Water and Fish Death", Nature, 372 (11/24/94) pp. 327-328.
94H4 Ternece P. Hughes, "Catastrophes, Phase Shifts and Large-Scale Degradation of a Caribbean Coral Reef", Science, 265 (1994) pp. 1547-1551.
94H5 Constance Holden, "Tuna Stocks: East Meets West", Science, 265 (1994) pp. 1525-1526.
94K1 Henry W. Kindall, David Pimentel, Constraints on the Expansion of the Global Food Supply, Ambio 23(3), (May 1994) (See http://dieoff.org/page36.htm).
94M1 Jose Martinez, "New Fishing Rules Change Diets, Lives", Pittsburgh Post Gazette (1/3/94).
94P1 Susan Pollack, "No More Fish Stories", The Americus Journal, 16(1) (spring, 1994) pp. 28-31.
94P2 Sandra Postel, "Carrying Capacity: Earth's Bottom Line", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1994, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1994) pp. 3-21.
94P3 Ann E. Platt, in Vital Signs 1994, Linda Starke, editor, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1994) pp. 32-33.
94S1 Carl Safina, "Where Have All the Fishes Gone?" Issues in Science and Technology 10(3) (1994) pp. 37-43.
94S2 Suchanek, T.H. "Temperate coastal marine communities: biodiversity and threats." American Zoologist 34, (1994) pp. 100-114.
94U1 John Urquhart, "Canada to Protect Salmon Fisheries with Fee for US", Wall Street Journal, (6/10/94).
94U2 U.S. Congress, Committee on Natural Resources, Sub-committee on Oversight and Investigations, "Taking from the Taxpayer: Public Subsidies for Natural Resource Development" (1994).
94W1 Peter Weber, "Safeguarding Oceans", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1994, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1994) pp. 40-60.
94W2 Peter K. Weber, "Net Loss: Fish, Jobs and the Marine Environment", World Watch Paper 120, (July 1994) 76 pp.
94W3 Peter Weber, "Coral Reefs in Decline" in Linda Starke, editor, Vital Signs 1994, W. W. Norton and Co. (1994) pp. 122-123.

[E] ~ 1995-1999 ~

95A1 Janet N. Abramovitz, "Freshwater Failures: the Crisis on Five Continents", World Watch, 8(5) (1995) pp. 27-35.
95B1 Lester R. Brown, "Nature's Limits", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1995, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1995) pp. 3-20.
95B2 Lisa Busch, "Scientific Dispute at Center of Legal Battle over Salmon Catch", Science, 269 (1995) pp. 1507-1508.
95B3 Barmawidjaja, D., van der Zwaan, G., Jorissen, F. and Puskaric, S. One hundred fifty years of eutrophication in the northern Adriatic Sea: evidence from a benthic foraminiferal record. Marine Geology 122, (1995) pp. 367-384.
95C1 Caressa, S., Ceschia, C., Orel, G. and Treleani, R. 1995. "Present and former populations in the Gulf of Trieste between Punta Salvatore and Punta Tagliamento" (upper Adriatic). In Posidonia Oceanica. A Contribution to the Preservation of a Major Mediterranean Marine Ecosystem, F. Cinelli et al. (editors). Rivista Maritima 12 (Suppliment) (1995) pp. 174-187.
95D1 P. K. Dayton et al, "Environmental Effects of Marine Fishing", Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 5(153) (1995) pp. 1-28.
95D2 C. M. Duarte, "Submerged aquatic vegetation in relation to different nutrient regimes", Ophelia 41 (1995) pp. 87-112.
95F1 Tim W. Ferguson, "Fishing for Resource Rights", Wall Street Journal (5/2/95).
95F2 FAO, "Review of the State of World Fishery Resources: Marine Fisheries", FAO Fisheries Circular No.884, FAO, Rome (1995).
95H1 Don Hinrichsen, "Sea Change", The Amicus Journal, 17(1) (1995) pp. 38-41.
95K1 G. Kelleher et al, "A Global Representative System of Marine Protected Areas, Vol.1", a joint publication of the World Bank, The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority and the World Conservation Union (IUCN) Washington DC (1995).
95L1 Lindeboom, H. J. 1995. "Protected areas in the North Sea: an absolute need for future marine research. "Helgoland Marine Research 49, (1995) pp. 591~602.
95M1 Akin L. Mabogunje, "The Environmental Challenges in Sub-Saharan Africa", Environment (May 1995) 37(4).
95M2 R. A. Myers, N. J. Barrowman et al, "Population Dynamics of Exploited Fish Stocks at Low Population Levels", Science, 269 (1995) pp.1106-1108.
95M3 Ehsan Masood, "Error Reopens "Scientific" Whaling Debate", Nature 374 (4/13/95) p. 587.
95M4 Charles McCoy, Wall Street Journal (7/20/95).
95P1 Anne E. Platt, "Dying Seas", World Watch, 8(1) (1995) pp. 10-19.
95P2 D. Pauly, V. Christensen, "Primary Production Required to Sustain Global Fisheries", Nature 374 (March 16, 1995) pp.255-7.
95P4 Sandra Postel, "Where have All the Rivers Gone?" World Watch, 6(3) (1995) pp. 9-19 (N.R.).
95R1 Dick Russell, "Fishing Down the Food Chain", Amicus Journal, 17(3) (1995) pp. 16-24.
95S1 Stanners, D. and Bourdeau, P. (editors) 1995. "Europe 's Environment. The DOBRIS Assessment. State of Environment Report 1/1995." Copenhagen: EEA. Online. Available HTTP:
http://reports.eea.eu.int/92-826-5409-5/en (accessed 4 August 2006).
95T1 Rosanna Tamburri, "Canada, EU End Dispute over Fishing", Wall Street Journal (4/17/95).
95T2 P.N.Trathan et al, Krill Biomass in the Atlantic, Nature 373 (1/19/95) pp. 201-202.
95W1 Washington Post, "Unexplored Coral Reefs Already Facing Ruin", Pittsburgh Tribune Review, (6/2/95).

96A1 Janet N. Abramovitz, "Sustaining Freshwater Ecosystems", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1996, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1996) pp. 60-77.
96A2 Janet N. Abramovitz, "Imperiled Waters, Impoverished Future: The Decline of Freshwater Ecosystems", Worldwatch Paper #128 (March 1996) 80 pp.
96A3 P. J. Auster, R. J. Malatesta et al, "The impacts of mobile fishing gear on sea floor habitats in the Gulf of Maine (northwest Atlantic): implications of conservation on fish populations", Reviews in Fisheries Science 4 (1996) pp. 185-202.
96B1 Lester R. Brown, "The Acceleration of History", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1996, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1996) pp. 3-20.
96B2 Lester R. Brown, Who Will Feed China?, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1995) 163 pp.
96B3 M. C. M. Beveridge, "Cage Aquaculture, 2nd Editor, Edinburgh Scotland: Fishing News Books: (1996) 346 pp.
96F1 FAO, "Fishery Country Profile: The Republic of Malawi" (1996).
96G1 R. J. R. Grainger and S. M. Garcia, "Chronicles of Marine Fishery Landings (1950-1994): Trend Analysis and Fisheries Potential", FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 359, FAO, Rome (1996).
96G2 S. M. Garcia and R. J. R. Grainger, "Fisheries Management and Sustainability: A New Perspective of an old Problem" (paper prepared for the Second World Fisheries Congress) FAO, Rome (1996).
96H1 Don Hinrichsen, "Reef Revival", Amicus Journal, 18(2) (1996) pp. 22-25.
96M1 Alain Marcoux, "Population Change-Natural Resources-Environmental Linkages in the Arab State Region", FAO Population Program Service, (April 1996).
96P1 Sandra Postel, "Forging a Sustainable Water Strategy", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1996, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1996) pp. 40-59.
96S1 Short, F. T. and Wyllie-Echeverria, S. "Natural and human-induced disturbance of seagrasses." Environmental Conservation 23, pp. 17-27 (1996).
96W1 Michael L. Weber, Amicus Journal, 18(3) (1996) pp. 39-42.
96W2 M. Williams, "The Transition in the Contribution of Living Aquatic Resources in Food Scarcity", Food, Agriculture and the Environment Discussion Paper 13, IFPRI, Washington DC (1996).

97A1 Janet N. Abramovitz, "Valuing Nature's Services", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1997, W.W. Norton and Co., New York (1997) pp. 95-114.
97B1 Lester R. Brown, Michael Renner, Christopher Flavin, Vital Signs 1997: The Environmental Trends that are Shaping our Future, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1997).
97B2 Lester R. Brown, "The Agricultural Link: How Environmental Deterioration Could Disrupt Economic Progress", Worldwatch Paper 136 (1997) 73 pp.
97C1 Frank Clifford, "US to Slash Limits on 83 Species of Pacific Fish", Los Angeles Times (12/28/97).
97C2 Costanza, R., d'Arge, R., de Groot, R., Farber, S., Grasso, M., Hannon, B., Limburg, K., Naeem, S., O'Neill, R.V., Paruelo, J., Raskin, R. G., Sutton, P. and van den Belt, M. "The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital." Nature 387, (1997) pp. 253-260.
97D1 Kim Davis (Center for Marine Conservation), American Oceans Campaign, Fishlinks memo of 10/29/97.
97D2 G. C. Daily, "What are ecosystem services?" in Nature's Services: Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems, Island Press, Washington DC (1997) pp. 1-10.
97D3 Kim Davis, American Ocean Campaign Fishlinks Press Releases of 10/13 and 14/97.
97F1 John J. Fialka, Wall Street Journal (10/9/97).
97F2 Jonathan Friedland, Wall Street Journal (11/25/97).
97F3 John Fleischman, "Muddying the Waters", Audubon (March/April1997) pp. 64-69.
97F4 FAO, "State of the World's Fisheries and Aquaculture", FAO, Rome (1997).
97F5 FAO, Numbers of fishers 1970-1997. FAO Fisheries Circular No.929, Rev.2. Rome (1997).
97F6 FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. "Review of the state of world fishery resources: marine fisheries. FAO Fisheries Circular No. 920 FIRM/C920 Rome (1997). <http//www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/FISHERY/publ/circular/c920/C920-1.asp>

97F7 Roger Featherstone, Defenders of Wildlife, GREENLines Issue #475 (10/7/97).
97G1 Rebecca Goldburg, Tracy Triplett, "Murky Waters: Environmental Effects of Aquaculture in the United States". Environmental Defense Fund (1997).
97G2 Gray, J.S. "Marine biodiversity: patterns, threats and conservation needs." Biodiversity and Conservation 6, (1997) pp.153-175.
97H1 Don Hinrichsen, "Pushing the Limits", Amicus Journal, 18(4) (1997) pp. 16-20.
97H2 Ken Hinman, "US Swordfish Conservation Falls Short", American Oceans Campaign Fishlink (E-Mail) Letter of 12/18/97.
97H3 Don Hinrichsen, "Coral Reefs in Crisis", People and the Planet, 6(2) (1997) http://www.oneworld.org/patp/index.html.
97M1 Alexandra Morton, "Fish Farms", Synthesis/Regeneration 15 (Winter 1997-98) pp. 43-45.
97M2 J. MacKinnon, "Protected Areas Systems of the Indo-Malayan Realm", The Asian Bureau for Conservation (1997).
97M3 Mekong River Commission, "Greater Mekong Sub-region: State of the Environment Report", Bangkok (1997).
97M4 Mackenzie, C.L., Jr., Burrell, V.G., Jr., Rosenfield, A. and Hobart, W.L. (editors) (1997) "The History, Present Condition and Future of the Molluscan Fisheries of North and Central America and Europe." Volume 3,Europe. NOAA Technical Report NMFS, 129. Seattle, Washington: U.S. Department of Commerce.
97P1 Per Pinstrup-Andersen, Rajul Pandya-Lorch, Mark W, Rosegrant, "The World Food Situation: Recent Developments, Emerging Issues, and Long-Term Prospects", International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC (1997) 36 pp.
97P2 K. K. Prodanov et al, "Environmental Management of Fish Resources in the Black Sea and their Rational Exploitation", General Fisheries Council for the Mediterranean, Studies and Reviews No.68, FAO, Rome (1997)).
97P3 S. L. Pimm, "The Value of Everything", Nature, 387 (1997) pp. 231-232.
97R1 Rismondo, A., Guidetti, P. and Curiel, D. "Presenza delle fanerogame marine nel Golfo di Venezia: unaggiornamento." Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Venezia 47, pp. 317-328 (1997).
97R2 K. J. Rana, "China" in Review of the State of World Aquaculture, FAO Fisheries Circular No. 886 (Rome, 1997)
97S1 Cherri Sugal, "Most Forests Have No Protection", WorldWatch, 10(1) (1997) p. 9.
97S2 M. D. Spalding et al, World Mangrove Atlas, The International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems, Okinawa Japan (1997).
97S3 M. D. Spalding and A. M. Grenfeld, "New Estimates of Global and Regional Coral Reef Areas, Coral Reefs 16 (1997) pp. 225-230.
97T1 M. Troell, C. Halling et al, "Integrated marine cultivation of Gracilaria chilensis and salmon cages for reduced environmental impact and increased economic output", Aquaculture 156 (1997) pp. 45-61.
97U1 (Unknown Author) "Improving Fish Stock Assessments," National Academic Press (1997) (Call 1-800-624-6242)).
97W1 Michael L. Weber, "Farming Salmon: A Briefing Book", Consultative Group on Biological Diversity (October 1997) 42 pp.
97W2 Wolff, W. J. "Development of the conservation of Dutch coastal waters." Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 7 (1997) pp. 165-177.

98A1 C. E. Alexander, "Classified Shellfish Growing Waters: State of the Coast Report", NOAA, Silver Springs MD (1998).
98A2 Scott Allen, "Lobster Supply Imperiled", Boston Globe (7/24/1998).
98A3 P. D. Adelizi, R. R. Rosati et al, "Evaluation of fish meal-free diets for Rainbow Trout", Aquaculture Nutrition 4 (1998) pp. 255-262.

98B1 Lester R. Brown, "The Future of Growth", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World, 1998, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1998) pp. 3-20.
98B2 Gene Buck, "Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine-Mammal Legislation in the 105th Congress", Congressional Research Service (March 1998).
98B3 D. Bryant et al, "Reefs at Risk: A map-based Indicator of Threats to the World's Coral Reefs", World Resources Institute, Washington DC (1998).
98C1 Center for Marine Conservation, Gulf Fish Rapper (May 1998) (http://www.cmc-ocean.org).
98C2 Merry Camhi (National Audubon Society), "Sharks on the Line", Ocean Wildlife Campaign (7/13/98).
98C3 J. M. Casey and R. A. Myers, "Near extinction of a large, widely distributed fish", Science 281 (5377) (1998) pp. 690-692.
98D1 Niaz Dorry (niazd@dialb.greenpeace.org), Document prepared on Greenpeace's factory trawler campaign and S.1221 to regulate same, Greenpeace (March 1998).
98D2 Tanya Dobrzynski, Examples of Ecosystem over-fishing, American Ocean Campaign Fishlink posting of late April, 1998.
98D3 Kim Davis (KDavis@FLCMC.org), Sargassum in the South Atlantic - update, Center for Marine Conservation/ Environmental Defense Fund Position Statement Regarding Sargassum Management by the South Atlantic Fishery Management Council (12/3/98) Contact Dr. Douglas N. Rader or Dr. Michelle A. Duval, EDF (919-881-2601) Kim Davis, CMC (727-895-2188) http://www.cmc-ocean.org.
98E1 EEA, Europe's Environment: The Second Assessment, Elseview Science Ltd., Oxford UK (1998).
98F1 Maggie Fox, "Trawling Redux", IPS, 12/14/98. (M. Fox cites the reference (98W5) by Les Watling and Elliot A. Norse.) (See below.)
98F2 John Field, (John.Field@mail.house.gov): CRS Weekly Summary on Marine Mammals to U. S. Congress (12/22/98).
98G1 Greenpeace, "Banning Factory Trawlers: The Environmental Case for S.1221" and "Questions and Answers on S.1221" (March 1998) (23 refs.).
98G2 Globe Staff, "Fishing follies", Boston Globe editorial (08/30/1998).
98H1 Brian Halweil, "US Leads World Meat Stampede", Worldwatch Press Briefing on the Global Trends in Meat Consumption http://www.worldwatch.org. (1998).
98K1 Danielle Knight, "Marine Fisheries in Global Crisis", InterPress Third World News Agency report of a Science Magazine article (2/6/98).
98M1 Ann Platt McGinn, "Promoting Sustainable Fisheries", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World, 1998, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1998) pp. 59-78.
98M2 Anne Platt McGinn, "Blue Revolution", Worldwatch, 11(2) (1998) pp. 10-19.
98M3 Brian T. Meehan, Scientists scratch at reasons for sea life ebb, Oregonian (7/19/1998).
98M4 Marsha Mercer, "Battle to save the . . . sharks? / Oceans' most feared inhabitants at risk", Media General News Service (7/27/98).
98M5 Ahmar Mustikhan, "US Factory Fishing Company in Pakistan U. S. Company Could Wipe Out Pakistani Fishing Grounds" (12/3/1998) Environmental News Service.
98M6 Anne Platt McGinn, (research staff of the Worldwatch Institute.) "Atlantic salmon face perilous waters" (12/30/1998).
98M7 Ann Platt McGinn, Rocking the Boat: Conserving Fisheries and Protecting Jobs, Worldwatch Institute Paper 142 (June 1998) 92 pp.
98M8 Ann Platt McGinn, WorldWatch, 11(3) (1998), pp. 10-11 reviewing Ref. (98P1).
98N1
Chris Newton, John Fitzpatrick, "Assessment of the World's Fishing Fleet, 1991-1997", Greenpeace Report, 5/5/98. See http://www.greenpeace.org/oceans.
98N2 NAMMCO (Media Release), High North Web News (9/4/1998) See http://www.highnorth.no/news/viewartc.cfm?News_id=198.
98N3 Rosamond L. Naylor, Rebecca J. Goldburg et al, "Nature's Subsidies to Shrimp and Salmon Farming", Science 282 (10/30/98) pp. 883-884.
98P1 Daniel Pauly et al, "Fishing Down Marine Food Webs", Science 279 (2/6/1998) pp. 860-63.
98P2 Gareth Porter, World Wildlife Fund report (8/19/98).
98P3 Pasqualini, V., Pergent-Martini, C., Clabaut, P. and Pergent, G. Mapping of Posidonia oceanica using aerial photographs and side scan sonar: application off the island of Corsica (France)." Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 47, pp. 359-367 (1998).
98R1 David Malin Roodman, The Natural Wealth of Nations, W.W. Norton and Co., New York (1998).
98S1 Carl Safina, Song for the Blue Ocean, Henry Holt Co. (1998) $30 458 pp. (csafina@audubon.org).
98S2 Ben Spiess (bspiess@adn.com), "Council limits fishery to aid sea lions", Anchorage Daily News (12/14/98).
98S3 Carl Safina, "Scorched-Earth Fishing", Issues in Science and Technology 14(3) (1998) pp. 33-36.
98T1 Michael Tighe, "Shark Fin Market on a Tear: Hawaii sees 22-fold increase in catch as prices skyrocket", Associated Press, (9/13/1998).
98U1 (Unknown), "Greenpeace calls of Halving of World fleets", Agri-Industry Europe (5/15/1998) No. 21.
98U2 (Unknown), "Serve Up The Shrimp, But Save The Turtle New brand labels tout safety nets", San Francisco Chronicle, (7/15/1998).
98U3 (Unknown), "By-catch device wins praises", Associated Press (7/28/1998).
98U4 (Unknown), Annual listing of state fish advisories, EPA (July 1998) See a 5-page fact sheet available at http://www.epa.gov/ost/fish.
98U5 (Unknown), "Invasive Specie Threatens Great Lakes", Watershed Currents- 2(12) (8/5/1998) Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy (iatp@iatp.org) (For more information about the round goby in the Great Lakes see http://www.great-lakes.net/envt/exotic/goby.html.).
98U6 (Unknown), "Norway: Whaling Season Finishes", High North Web News (8/18/1998).
98U7 (Unknown) White Sea Harp Seal Population: More than Twice as High as Assumed, High North Web News (11/12/98).
98U8 "Why its Time to Talk About Marine Biodiversity", San Francisco Chronicle (11/30/1998).
98U9 (Unknown) "Regional Crisis Adds to Danger of over-fishing in Gulf of Thailand", Agence France Presse (7/22/98).
98U10 (Unknown) Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health report "Water Crisis Looms as World Population Grows" (8/26/98)).
98W1 Peter K. Weber, "Global Fishery Trends and their Implications for Fishing Communities", presented to World Forum of Fish Harvesters and Fish Workers (1998).
98W2 Mark Weinraub, "Extinction by Fishing?", Reuters Limited (7/31/1998).
98W3 David Whitney (dwhitney@adn.com), "Fishing woes hit bottom: Studies say nets ruining sea floor"* Anchorage Daily News (12/14/98).
98W4 Susan Weaver (202-482-2610) (Susan.A.Weaver@noaa.gov), Feds (NOAA) Provide Guidance to North Pacific Council to Better Protect Steller Sea Lions in Nation's Largest Fishery (12/4/98) See NOAA Web site http://www.nmfs.gov/prot_res/main/new.html.
98W5 Les Watling and Elliot A. Norse, "Disturbance of the Seabed by Mobile Fishing Gear: A Comparison to Forest Clearcutting", Conservation Biology 12(6) (1998) pp. 1180-1197.

99A1 American Oceans Campaign Release (3/16/99) Contact: Susan A. Weaver 202-482-2610 "Commerce Department Makes Final Import Ban on Small Swordfish".
99A2 Richard Aronson, "Pollution, Climate Change Threaten World's Coral Reefs, Say Scientists", State Department briefing, 5/18/99 Contact: Dr. Richard Aronson, International Society for Reef Studies. raronson@jaguar1.usouthal.edu. The complete text of the US State Department briefing is available at: http://www.state.gov/www/global/global_issues?coral_reefs?990305_coralreef_rpt.html.
99A3 Alejandro Arias and Guillermo Harris, "Whale Number Growing, Argentine Scientist says" reported in Reuters (10/5/99).
99B1 Eugene H. Buck, Resources, Science, and Industry Division, Congressional Research Service Daily Summary, 11/15/1999 [http://www.nmfs.gov/sfa]~. [NOAA press release].
99C1 Larry Crowder, "Estuaries Vital To The Productivity Of Southeastern US Fisheries", talk at AAAS annual meeting, Anaheim CA, (2/1999).
99C2 CMC Release, 4/26/1999. Contact Center for Marine Conservation, 1725 DeSales Street, NW, Washington DC 20036, 202-429-5609 sonja@dccmc.org CMC is a member of the Ocean Wildlife Campaign, a coalition of 6 environmental groups working to conserve and restore the ocean's giant fishes.
99C3 Hal Caswell**, "North Atlantic Right Whale Doomed to Extinction." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (5/18/1999). **Senior Scientist, Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Inst., Woods Hole MA 02543. 508-289 2751. hcaswell@whoi.edu.
99C4 Dr. Merry Camhi (National Audubon Society), "Sharks on the Line II, released by the Ocean Wildlife Campaign, a coalition of six major environmental groups, (October 1999) The report examines the status of shark and skate fisheries and their management in US Pacific state and federal waters.
99C5 R. Costanza, "The ecological, economic and social importance of the oceans", Ecological Economics 31 (1999) pp. 199-213.
99D1 Russell Dunn (rdunn@audubon.org), aoc-fishlink@igc.org (2/11/1999).
99D2 Louise Daly, "Japan and Norway on losing end of Whaling Conference" Agence France-Presse (AFP), St George's, Grenada (5/26/1999).
99E1 EEA. 1999. Coastal and marine zones. Chapter 3.14. "Environment in the European Union at the Turn of the Century" State of Environment report No 1/1999. Copenhagen: EEA. Online. Available HTTP:
http://reports.eea.eu.int/92-9 157-202-0/en (accessed 4 August 2006).
99E2 EEA. 1999. "State and Pressures of the Marine and Coastal Mediterranean Environment" Environmental Issues Series 5. Luxembourg: OPOCE. Online. Available HTTP:
http://reports.eea.europa.eu/ ENVSERIES05/en/envissue05.pdf (accessed 4 August 2006).
99F1 Matthew Fordahl, Dead Gray Whales Wash Ashore AP (7/18/1999).
99F2 FAO, "The State of the World's Fisheries and Agriculture 1998", FAO, Rome (1999) pp. 7-10.
99F3 FAO, "Review of the State of World Fishery Resources: Inland Fisheries", Fisheries Circular No. 942, FAO, Rome (1999)) (Much of the catch is from subsistence and recreational fisheries that are particularly hard to monitor.).
99F4 FAO, FISHSTAT Version 2.19 by Yuri Shatz, FAO, Rome (1999).
99F5 FAO, "The State of the World's Fisheries and Aquaculture 1998", FAO, Rome (1999).
99G1 GREENPEACE Prevents Dutch Supertrawler 'AFRIKA' from sailing: Netherlands flaunts EU regulations on fishing capacity reduction Rotterdam/Brussels, Greenpeace Release (3/8/1999).
99G2 Simon Gardner, "UK fishermen say EU cuts to cause bankruptcies", Reuters (12/17/1999).
99H1 High North Alliance (hna@highnorth.no) Norwegian Sealing 1999, HNW News (4/29/1999).
99H2 Greg Heakes, "Marine Scientists Baffled by Record Number of Beached Whales" Agence France-Presse (AFP) (6/23/1999).
99H3 Ron Huber, director of the Coastal Waters Project in Rockland ME, in New Bedford (ME) Standard Times (8/18/1999).
99H4 O. Hoegh-Guldberg, "Climate Change, Coral Bleaching and the Future of the World's Coral Reefs", Greenpeace, Washington DC (1999).
99L1 John Leaning, "BACK IN THE BLACK: Humpbacks may leap off endangered list", Cape Cod Times (2/4/1999) p. 1 and A12.
99L2 Wesley Loy, Anchorage Daily News (9/10/1999).
99L3 E. Laureti, "1961-1997 Fish and Fishery Products: World Apparent Consumption Statistics Based on Food Balance Sheets", FAO Fisheries Circular No.821 Revision 5, FAO, Rome (1999).
99M1 Anne Platt McGinn (amcginn@igc.org), "Safeguarding the Health of Oceans", Worldwatch Paper 145, Worldwatch press release: (3/24/99) Worldwatch Institute, 1776 Massachusetts Ave NW ,Washington, DC 20036 202 452-1999, fax: 202 296-7365 worldwatch@worldwatch.org website www.worldwatch.org A copy of the report can be ordered from the website.
99M2 Lynda V. Mapes, "Gray whales are back from brink", Seattle Times (3/24/1999), 206-464-2736.
99M3 David Miller, NOAA NMFS Release (4/16/99) Contact 202-482-6090.
99M4 L. Milich, "Resource Mismanagement versus Sustainable Livelihoods: The Collapse of the Newfoundland Cod Fishery", Society and Natural Resources 12 (1999) pp. 625-642.
99M5 Marine Fish Conservation Network, Lost at Sea, Marine Fish Conservation Network, Washington DC (September 1999), 36 pp.
99M6 Mangrove Action Project, Quarterly News (Winter 1999-2000) 7(1) 16 pp.
99N1 NOAA Constituent Affairs (constaff@hulkhovis.rdc.noaa.gov) release of 7/14/1999.
99N2 NOAA, "Trends in US Coastal Regions, 1970-98", NOAA, Silver Springs MD (1999).
99N3 NRC, "From Monsoons to Microbes: Understanding the Ocean's Role in Human Health:, National Academy Press, Washington DC (1999).
99N4 National Research Council, Sustaining marine fisheries. Washington DC, National Academy Press (1999).
99O1 Ron Orenstein**, Reply to Japan Whaling Assn comments on St. Lucia and whale policy. 4/30/1999, in St. Lucia Star newspaper ** Project Director, International Wildlife Coalition 905-820-7886, 1825 Shady Creek Court, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L5L 3W2 ornstn@home.com.
99R1 David Malin Roodman, "Building a Sustainable Society", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1999, W. W. Norton Co., New York (1999) pp. 169-188.
99S1 Ed Stoddard, "GREENPEACE Chases Alleged Toothfish Pirates" Reuters Limited, 3/4/1999.
99U1 (Unknown) "Scientists discuss how to control Hypoxia in the Gulf", Watershed Currents, 3(1), 2/2/1999 (also Mark Egan, Reuters, 1/23/99; Milwaukee Sentinel and Journal, 1/25/99).
99U2 (Author Unknown), South Atlantic Fish Rapper (2/99) (See Ch. 10).
99U3 (Author Unknown), "Fish conservation effort snarled", USA TODAY (3/9/1999).
99U4 U.K. Biodiversity Group. 1999. U.K. Biodiversity Group Tranche 2 Action Plans - Volume 5: Maritime Species and Habitats. Peterborough, U.K.: English Nature. Online. Available HTTP:
http://www. ukbap.org.uk/Library/Tranche2_Vol5.pdf (accessed 2 August 2006).
99W1 Don Woolford, "Antarctic: Krill in Trouble" (2/8/1999) Australian Associated Press.

[F] ~ 2000-2004 ~

00C1 L. Crowder, "Leatherback's survival will depend on an international effort", Nature 405(6789) (2000) p. 881.
00E1 European Commission, "Opinions of the Scientific Committee on Animal Nutrition on dioxin contamination of feeding stuffs and their contribution to the contamination food of animal origin" (11/6/2000) (6/20/01) <europa.eu.int/comm/food/fs/sc/scan/out55_en.pdf>.
00F1 Sonja Fordham, "Massachusetts Shark Attack - Spiny Dogfish". Marine Fish Conservation Network, 666 Pennsylvania Ave. SE, Suite 302B, Washington DC 20003 202-543-5509 (2000).
00F2 FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. "The state of the world fisheries and Aquaculture (2000) Rome, Italy.
00F3 FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. "FAO Yearbook of fishery statistics: aquaculture production". FAO Fisheries Series, 86/2. Rome, Italy (2000).
00F4 FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. "Agriculture: Towards 2015/30, Technical Interim Report (April 2000). Rome, Italy, 5/21/01 http://www.fao.org/es/ESD/at2015/toc-e.htm.
00G1 S. M. Garcia, I. DeLeiva, "Trends in World Fisheries and their Resources 1974-1999" in The State of Fisheries and Aquaculture 2000, FAO, Rome (2000).
00G2 Adam Gorlick, "Fishing industry nets $50 million, but will likely be back for more", Associated Press, ?/?/00.
00H1 J. A. Hutchings, "Collapse and recovery of marine fishes", Nature 406 (6798) (2000) pp. 882-885.
00H2 R. W. Hardy, "Fish, feeds and nutrition in the new millennium", Aquaculture Magazine 26(1) (2000) pp. 85-89.
00H3 Hemminga, M. A. and Duarte, C. M. Seagrass Ecology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2000).
00J1 Paul Johnston, Dave Santillo, (Greenpeace Research Laboratories, University of Exeter, UK), "Whales in Competition with Commercial Fisheries: A Modern Myth Based on Pseudo-Science", around 3/26/00. (hard copies available from Greenpeace International Hq). Below are some excerpts from the advance copy of this Greenpeace paper responding to the argument from cetacean-hunting countries that "whales eat too much fish." It was produced for the CITES meeting 4/10-20/2000 in Nairobi, and at IWC in Adelaide (July, 2000).
00L1 Mike Leggett, "Trawling is damaging, but here's the catch: Shrimpers need to do it", Austin American-Statesman (4/2/2000) (mleggett@statesman.com).
00M1 Mangrove Action Project, Quarterly News (Fall 2000) 7(3) 12 pp.
00N1 R. L. Naylor, R. J. Goldburg et al, "Effect of aquaculture on world fish supplies", Nature 405 (2000) pp. 1017-1024.
00N2 National Marine Fisheries Service, "Fisheries of the United States, 1999", U. S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Current Fisheries Statistics No. 9900 (2000).
00N3 Frederick Noronha, "Over-fishing Along India's West Coast Threatens to wipe out Fish", Environmental News Service (10/16/00).
00P1 S. Pas-ong and Louis Lebel, "Political Transformation and the Environment in Southeast Asia", Environment, 42(8) (2000) pp. 8-19.
00P2 Pruett, L. and Cimino, J. (2000) "Global Maritime Boundaries Database (GMBD)." Fairfax, Virginia, U.S.: Veridian - MRJ Technology Solutions. Online. Available HTTP:
http://earthtrends.wri.org/text/ coastal-marine/variable-61.html (accessed 13 July 2006).
00R1 Rippon, S. "The Transformation of Coastal Wetlands: Exploitation and Management of Marshland Landscapes in North West Europe During the Roman and Medieval Periods." London: British Academy (2000).
00S1 Donald Sutherland, "US Fish Harvesters up on Financial Rocks" Environment News Service (ENS), Washington DC (4/25/00).
00S2 J. R. Sporila, R. D. Reina et al, "Pacific leatherback turtles face extinction", Nature 405(6786) (2000) pp. 529-530.
00T1 A. G. J. Tacon, I. P. Forster, "Global trends and challenges to aquaculture and aquafeed development in the new millennium". International Aquafeed - Directory and Buyers' Guide 2001: pp. 4-25. Turret RAI, Uxbridge, Middlesex, United Kingdom (2000).
00U1 "Lost at sea: Groundfish," Portland Oregonian editorial (3/25/2000).
00U2 FISHLINK SUBLEGALS (6/23/00) 1(25), Institute for Fisheries Resources, and Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen's Associations, View the entire GAO report at: http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml.
Report Number "RCED-00-120" available on-line on 6/23/2000.
00U3 "Wasted spending? Just look at this," USA Today about (7/19/00) Fish Unlimited, 1 Brander Pky, Box 1073, Shelter Island, NY 11965 www.fishunlimited.org (fishunlimited@hamptons.com).
00V1 (Various authors), 9th International Coral Reef Symposium (10/24/2000).
00W1 George Wilcox, Kate Naughten, NOAA, "Americans Ate More Seafood in 1999", george.t.wilcox@noaa.gov (8/3/2000).
00W2 Worldwatch Institute "Fish Farming May Soon Overtake Cattle Ranching as a Food Source" (10/3/00).
00W3 World Resources Institute, World Resources 2000-2001, World Resources Institute, 10 G St. NE, Washington DC 20002 $27.00 ppd. (2000) 389 pp.
00W4 Wolff, W. J. "Causes of extirpations in the Wadden Sea, an estuarine area in the Netherlands." Conservation Biology 14 (2000) pp. 876-885.
00W5 Clive Wilkinson, "Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2000 (Townsville Australia: Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network (2000) p.1.

01B1 Jonathan Brinckman, "Wyden holds hearings on Oregon Ground Fish", The Oregonian (1/18/01).
01B2 Hal Bernton, "Congress cedes fishing rights to group", Seattle Times, 206-464-2581 or hbernton@seattletimes.com, (11/19/2001).
01B3 Donald F. Boesch et al, Marine Pollution in the United States, Pew Oceans Commission, 2101 Wilson Blvd., Suite 550, Arlington VA 22201 (2001) 50 pp.
01B4 Barnabe, G. and Doumenge, F. Mariculture of Mediterranean species. In Encyclopaedia of Ocean Sciences. Volume 3, J. H. Steele et al. (editors). San Diego, California: Academic Press (2001) pp. 1567-1571.
01C1 Consumer Reports, "America's fish. Fair or foul? 2001; are we running out of fish?" Consumer Reports, February, 2001 66(2); (1/26/2001) p. 25.
01C2 V. Christensen, S. Guenette et al, "Estimating fish abundance of the north Atlantic, 1950 to 1999", in S. Guenette et al, editors,"Fisheries impacts on north Atlantic ecosystems: models and analyses", Fisheries Centre Research Report 9(4) (2001) pp.1-25.
01D1 Diaz, R. J. "Overview of hypoxia around the world." Journal of Environmental Quality 30, (2001) pp. 275-280.
01E1 M. Easton, "Contaminant loads in farmed salmon, wild salmon, and commercial salmon feed, a pilot study", David Suzuki Foundation, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada (February 2001).

01E2 EPA Office of Water, CWAP: "Draft National Coastal Condition Report, available for public comments and review", 4/8/01 http://www.epa.gov/owow/oceans/cwap/downloads.html.
01E3 EEA. 2001. "Eutrophication in Europe's Coastal Waters." Topic Report 7. Copenhagen: EEA. Online. Available HTTP:
http://reports.eea.eu.int/topic_report_2001_7 (accessed 4 August 2006).
01F1 Fish Information Service, "Aquaculture committee develops discussion paper", AUSTRALIA, 6/5, 2001, by Fish Info Service (http://www.fis.com/fis/worldnews/).
01F2 Fishnews, "Decline of Tiny Shrimp in Northern Lake Michigan May Hurt Fish" Fishnews (6/21/01).
01F3 FAO, "FAO yearbook: fishery statistics. Aquaculture production". Vol. 88/2. Rome (2001).
01F4 FAO, "World Production of Farmed Marine Products in 1999", www.fis.com (9/14/01).
01F5 Bruce Franklin, "The Most Important Fish in the Sea", DISCOVER 22(9) (September 2001).
01F6 FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. FAO Statistical Databases (5/21/01) http://apps.fao.org.
01G1 Rebecca J. Goldburg, Matthew S. Elliott, Rosamond L. Naylor, "Marine Aquaculture in the United States", Pew Ocean Commission (July, 2001).
01G2 Paul Gobel, "Another Dying Sea", Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty (6/20/01)
01H1 John Heilprin, "Global Fish Catches Declining" Associated Press AP Online (11/28/2001).
01M1 Chris Morris, "ASF seeking new salmon rules. The Atlantic Salmon Federation calls for stricter international rules", Canadian Press (6/7/2001).
01M2 Mangrove Action Project, Quarterly News (Spring 2001) 8(1) 12 pp.
01N1 R. I. Naylor, S. L. Williams, D. R. Strong, "Aquaculture: A gateway for exotic species", Science, 294 (2001) pp.1655-1656.
01P1 Pew Ocean Commission, Managing Marine Fisheries in the United States: Proceedings of the Pew Ocean Commission Workshop on Marine Fishery Management, Seattle, WA, 7/18-19/2001, Pew Oceans Commission, 2101 Wilson Blvd, Suite 550, Arlington, VA 22201 72 pp.
01P2 D. Pauly, R. Froese et al, "Down with Fisheries, up with aquaculture: implications of global trends in the mean trophic levels of fishes. Paper presented at meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 15-20 (February 2001) San Francisco, California.

01R1 Sue Robinson, "Farmed Fish Parasites Devastate Wild Salmon", Gofish News (6/5/2001) http://www.gofish.com/.
01R2 Joshua Reichert, "The death of the world's coral reefs", San Francisco Chronicle (7/20/2001).
01R3 Stephanie Roth, "The horrors of intensive salmon farming", The Ecologist (June 2001).
01T1 H. V. Thurman and E. A. Burton, Introductory Oceanography, Upper Saddle River NJ: Prentice-Hall (2001).
01U1 (Unknown) "Fighting drug residues in aquaculture" (Response to "Farmed salmon safe as any other meat") The New Brunswick Telegraph Journal, 6/28/2001.
01U2 (Unknown) "Dead zone spreads out", The Times-Picayune (New Orleans) 7/28/2001.
01U3 (Unknown) "Vast Over-Reporting by China to UN Has Masked Falling Catches", Nature, 11/29/2001 To obtain the studies, maps, graphics and contact information go to: www.seaweb.org/NatureNovember29.html or contact Jessica Brown at SeaWeb (202-483-9570, or email jbrown@seaweb.org).
01U4 United Nations, "UN Report Says World's Coral Reefs Dying Faster Than Once Thought", Christian Science Monitor, (9/21/2001).
01U5 UNEP/MAP/PAP. 2001. "White Paper: Coastal Zone Management in the Mediterranean." Split: Priority Actions Programme. Online. Available HTTP:
http://www.pap-thecoastcentre.org/pdfs/ICAM%20in %20Mediterranean%20%20White%20Paper.pdf#search='White%20paper%3A%20coastal%20zon% 20management%20in%20the%20Mediterranean' (accessed 8 August 2006).
01W1 World Wildlife Fund, "Governments should act to save wild Atlantic salmon", WWF Press Release (5/31/01) (http://www.panda.org/news/press/news.cfm?id=2356).
01W2 R. Watson, D. Pauly, "Systematic distortions in world fisheries catch trends", Nature 414 (2001) pp. 534-536.

02B1 Charles Benbrook, "Antibiotic Drug Use in US Aquaculture", Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, (March 21, 2002).
02C1 Warner Chabot*, "Restoring our Pacific fisheries", San Francisco Chronicle, (7/9/2002).
* vice president for regional operations of the Ocean Conservancy, a national, science-based conservation organization devoted to restoring the health of oceans worldwide.
02D1 Beth Daley, "N. Atlantic Fish Stocks Fading, Study Finds" The Boston Globe (2/17/2002).
02D2 Paul Dayton et al, Pew Oceans Commission, "Fishing out the world's oceans Marine scientists worry that little is being done to stop global crisis", San Francisco Chronicle, (4/15/2002).
02D3 Mike Dunne, mdunne@theadvocate.com, "Coastal 'crisis' grows: Annual dead zone largest to date", The Advocate, (7/29/02).
02D4 G. C. Daily, K. Ellison, The New Economy of Nature, Island Press, Washington DC (2002).
02D5 P. K. Dayton, S. Thrush, F. C. Coleman, Ecological Effects of Fishing in Marine Ecosystems of the United States, Pew Oceans Commission, 2101 Wilson Blvd., Suite 550, Arlington VA 22201 (2002) 45 pp.
02D6 Duarte, C. M. 2002. "The future of seagrass meadows." Environmental Conservation 29, pp. 192-206.
02E1 EEA. 2002. "Europe's Biodiversity - Biogeographical Regions and Seas." Online. Available HTTP:
http://reports.eea.eu.int/report_2002_0524_154909/en (accessed 4 August 2006).
02F1 Food and Agriculture Organizations of the United Nations, "The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture, 2002", UNFAO Fisheries Department (2002).
02K1 Karlson, K., Rosenberg, R. and Bonsdorff, E. "Temporal and spatial large-scale effects of eutrophication and oxygen deficiency on benthic fauna in Scandinavian and Baltic waters - a review." Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 40, (2002) pp. 427-489.
02K2 Kennish, M. J. "Environmental threats and environmental future of estuaries." Environmental Conservation 29, (2002) pp. 78-107.
02M1 Mike Merritt, "Salmon farms: 'a license to pollute'" (UK) Scotland on Sunday http://www.scotlandonsunday.com/scotland.cfm?id=212062002 2/24/02.
02M2 Franklin Moore and Barbara Best, "Coral Reef Crisis: Causes and Consequences", www.aaas.org/international/atlas/about.html) 6/2/02 Download PDF version of this report (507 KB).
02M3 Mark Macaskill, "Farmed fish killing off wild salmon," The Sunday Times
http://www.sunday-times.co.uk (4/14/02)
02N1 National Research Council, "Effects of trawling and dredging on seafloor habitat" Committee on Ecosystem Effects of Fishing: Phase I -Effects of Bottom Trawling on Seafloor Habitats, National Research Council (2002).
02P1 Larry Pynn, "Fish farms accused of 'biological pollution'", Vancouver Sun, www.canada.com (2/25/2002).
02P2 Stephen R. Palumbi, Marine Reserves: A Tool for Ecosystem Management and Conservation, Pew Oceans Commission, 2101 Wilson Blvd., Suite 550, Arlington VA 22201 45 pp.
02R1 Callum Roberts, study published in the journal Trends in Ecology and Evolution, annual meeting of the AAAS, Boston, (2/22/2002).
02R2 Anouk Ride, "Tuna at risk in Mediterranean gold rush", WWF Mediterranean Program http://www.panda.org, around (4/14/2002).
02R3 Andrew C. Revkin, "Offshore Oil Pollution Comes Mostly as Runoff, Study Says", New York Times (5/24/2002).
02S1 SeaWeb Aquaculture Clearinghouse (10/14/2002).
02U1 (Unknown), "Atlantic Salmon A Fishy Tale: Chilean Industry criticized for Pollution, sneaky labeling", The San Francisco Chronicle (4/1/02).
02U2 (Unknown) "Complete Collapse of North Atlantic Fishing Predicted", New Scientist (2/18/02).

02U3 (Unknown) "US: Oceans' Woes Growing Deeper" Seattle Times (September 2002).
02U4 (Unknown) "Aquaculture Industry Grows in Southwest Florida to Meet Demand" Online Mariner.com (7/22/02)
02V1 D. S. Vaughan and M. H. Prager, "Severe decline in abundance of the red porgy population off the southeastern US", Fishery Bulletin 100(2) (2002) pp. 351-375.

03B1 J. K. Baum, R. A. Myers et al, "Collapse and conservation of shark populations in the northwest Atlantic", Science 299(5605) (2003) pp. 389-392.
03B2 Boström, C., Baden, S. P. and Krause-Jensen, D. "The seagrasses of Scandinavia and the Baltic Sea." In World Atlas of Seagrasses, E.P. Green and F.T. Short (editors). Berkeley: University of California Press, UNEP-WCMC (2003) pp. 27-37.
03B3 Baden, S., Gullström, L. B., Pihl, L. and Rosenberg, R. Vanishing seagrass (Zostera marina, L.) in Swedish coastal waters. Ambio 32 (2003) pp. 374-377.
03C1 V. Christensen, S. Guenette et al, "Hundred-year decline of north Atlantic predatory fish", Fish and Fisheries 4(1) (2003) pp. 1-24.
03E1 Josh Eagle, Sarah Newkirk, Barton H. Thompsom Jr., "Taking Stock of the Regional Fishery Management Councils", PEW Ocean Science Series, PEW Charitable Trust (2003) 51 pp.
03F1 Frid, C., Hammer, C., Law, R., Loeng, H., Pawlak, J.F., Reid, P.C. and Tasker, M. (2003) "Environmental Status of the European Seas." Copenhagen: ICES. Online. Available HTTP:
http://www.bmu.de/files/pdfs/ allgemein/application/pdf/ices_report.pdf (accessed 7 August 2006).
03G1 Green, E. P. and Short, F.T. World Atlas of Seagrasses. Berkeley, California: UNEP-WCMC, University of California Press (2003).
03J1 Jackson, A. 2003. Ostrea Edulis. "Native Oyster." Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme. Plymouth, U.K.: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Online. Available HTTP:
http://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/Ostreaedulis.htm (accessed 7 August 2006).
03M1 Ransom Myers, Boris Worm, "Few of world's large fish remain", Nature (5/15/2003).
03M2 Marine Fish Conservation Network, "New Index Details the State of the World's Oceans - by the Numbers" Marine Fish Conservation Network, 6/8/03 (Damien Newton 202-543-5509, 443-614-0772).
03M3 Lance E. Morgan, Ratana Chuenpagdee, "Shifting Gears: Addressing the Collateral Impacts of Fishing Methods in U.S. Waters", Pew Science Series (2003) 42 pp.
03M4 R. A. Myers and B. Worm, "Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities", Nature 414 (2003) pp. 280-283.
03M5 MFCN, "Coalition Charges: Fish Management Appointments Reflect Continued Bias", MFCN News Release of 6/27/03.
03N1 National Marine Fisheries Service, "Annual Report to Congress on the Status of Fisheries of the US: US Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NMFS (2003).
03O1 James Owen, "Antarctic Wildlife at Risk From Over-fishing, Experts Say", National Geographic News

www.news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/08/0805_030805_antarctic.html 8/5/2003.
03O2 James Owen in England for National Geographic News, "Salmon Farm Escapees Threaten Wild Salmon Stocks,"
www.news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/06/0616_030616_farmsalmon.html (6/16/03)
03P1 Larry Pynn, "Aquaculture industry 'failure,' study claims", Vancouver Sun (6/11/03).
03R1 John Richardson, "Salmon farming under scrutiny", Portland Press Herald (2/23/2003).
03U1 (author unknown) "Pacific Coast Communities Confront Shrimp Farm Threat", Wendy Call, 36(6) (May/June 2003).
03U2 "Ecologists warn of the dangers of GM fish," British Ecological Society (6/17/03).
03W1 WWF, "Fish farms threaten stocks of wild species, says WWF", Environmental News Network (2/19/03).
03W2 Ulf Wijkstrom, Rebecca Metzner, "Fisheries", Chapter 7, pp. 195-211 in Jelle Bruinsma, editor, World Agriculture: Towards 2015/ 2030, UNFAO (2003) Earthscan Publications, London, 432 pages.

04B1 Andrew Browne, "On Asia's Coasts, Progress Destroys Natural Defenses", Wall Street Journal (12/31/2004) p. A5.
04C1 Rob Crilly, "Salmon farms are source of sea lice, say scientists (UK)", The Herald (July 30 2004).
04D1 Beth Daley, "Feeding fish to fish stresses world supply", Boston Globe (4/20/04).

04H1
John Heilprin, "Coral reefs less healthy now than 2 years ago", Pittsburgh Post Gazette (12/07/2004) p. A2.
04N1 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration annual report, "Fisheries of the United States" (9/27/2004).
04N2 Nivet, C. and Frazier, S. "A Review of European Wetland Inventory Information." Almere The Netherlands: RIZA, Evers Litho en Druk (2004).
04N3 Lauran Neergaard, "Study: Farm-raised salmon carry more pollutants than wild salmon," The Associated Press Seattle Times
www.seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/nationworld/2001832349_websalmon08.html (1/08/04) The study was funded by the Pew Charitable Trusts. The Science article is available at: www.pewtrusts.com/pdf/salmon_study.pdf
04Q1 Alfredo Quarto <mangroveap@olympus.net> The Mangrove Action Project News, 145th Edition, Part 1 of 3 (9/18/04), http://www.earthisland.org/map/map.html).
04S1 Sangiorgi, F. and Donders, T. H. 2004. "Reconstructing 150 years of eutrophication in the northwestern Adriatic Sea (Italy) using dinoflagellate cysts, pollen and spores." Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 60, pp. 69-79.
04T1 Tudela, S. 2004. "Ecosystem Effects of Fishing in the Mediterranean: An Analysis of the Major Threats of Fishing Gear and Practices to Biodiversity and Marine Habitats." Studies and Reviews. General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean 74. Rome: FAO. Online. Available HTTP:
http://www. fao.org/docrep/007/y5594e/y5594e00.htm (accessed 1 August 2006).
04U1 "Antarctic Species Short of Food, Warming Cited; Study Sees 80% Less Krill, Follows Arctic Report on Warming", MSNBC.com (11/3/04).
04V1 John Virdin, "Urgent Action Needed to Avoid Global Fishing Crisis", World Bank http://web.worldbank.org/ of around June 9, 2004.
04W1 Rick Weiss, "Sport fishing a surprising drain on saltwater species", Pittsburgh Post Gazette (8/27/2004).

[G] ~ 2005 - 2009 ~

05B1 Eric Bellman and Timothy Mapes, "Wave's Environmental Toll", Wall Street Journal, (1/17/2005) p. B1.
05B2 Berghahn, R. and Ruth, M. "The disappearance of oysters from the Wadden Sea: a cautionary tale for no-take zones." Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 15 (2005) pp. 91-104.
05C1 Patricia Cronin, "Cod numbers decline on Georges Banks", Gloucester Times (8/23/05).
05D1 Willem Dekker, "Eel stocks dangerously close to collapse," Netherlands Institute for Fisheries Research, RIVO, PO Box 68, 1970 AB Ijmuiden, Netherlands, E-mail:
willem@rivo.wag-ur.nl (written in mid-2005).
05E1 Juliet Eilperin, "Older Fish Spawn Better Than Younger Ones Studies Reshape Talks on Managing Ocean Resources," The Washington Post (2/20/05) (SU5)
05F1 Werner Fornos, "Population growth imperils humanity (11/23/05) Providence Journal (Author is a recipient of the UN Population Award, and is president of the nonprofit Population Institute, in Washington.
05H1 Hiscock, K., Sewell, J. and Oakley, J. "Marine Health Check 2005. A Report to Gauge the Health of the U.K.'s Sea-Life." Godalming: WWF-UK. (2005) Online. Available HTTP:
http://www.wwf.org.uk/filelibrary/ pdf/marine_healthcheck05.pdf (accessed 7 August 2006).
05O1 Robert Ovetz, Sea Turtle Restoration Project, "Fishing: The New Resource War", Environment News Network (4/7/2005).
05O2 OSPAR Commission. 2005. "Case Reports for the Initial List of Threatened and/or Declining Species and Habitats in the OSPAR Maritime Area." Biodiversity Series: OSPAR Commission. Online. Available HTTP:
http://www.ospar.org/documents/dbase/publications/p00198_Case%20reports%20for%20Initial%20list %20of%20species%20and%20habitats%202005%20version.pdf (accessed 8 August 2006).
05P1 Daniel Pauly, Reg. Watson and Jackie Alder, "Global trends in world fisheries: impacts on marine ecosystems and food security," Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B (2005) 360, pp. 5-12. (SU5)
05R1 Reise, K. "Coast of change: habitat loss and transformations in the Wadden Sea." Helgoland Marine Research 59 (2005) pp. 9-21.
05W1 Karen E. Wall, "It's A Dog's Life - About the spiny dogfish" Asbury Park Press (NJ) (4/22/05).

06B1 Ben Blanchard, "Population growth threatens East Asian coasts," Policy brief from the UN Environment Program, a copy of which was seen by Reuters on 11/13/2006.
06E1 Juliet Eilperin (The Washington Post), "Scientists warn of disappearance of seafood by 2048," Pittsburgh Post Gazette (11/4/06) p. A4. (su5)
06E2 EEA. 2006. "The Changing Faces of Europe 's Coastal Areas." EEA Report 6/2006. Luxembourg: OPOCE. Online. Available HTTP:
http://reports.eea.europa.eu/eea_report_2006_6/en/eea_report_6_2006.pdf (accessed 8/7/06).
06H1 Alana Herro, "Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Fishery at Risk of Collapse; Campaign Needed to Save Species," World Wildlife Fund (WWF) report
http://www.worldwildlife.org/news/pubs/tuna.pdf (7/5/2006)
06L1 Lotze, H. K., Lenihan, H. S., Bourque, B. J., Bradbury, R. H., Cooke, R. G., Kay, M. C., Kidwell, S. M., Kirby, M. X., Peterson, C. H. and Jackson, J. B. C. "Depletion, degradation, and recovery potential of estuaries and coastal seas." Science 312 (2006) pp. 1806-1809.
06M1 Paul Molyneaux, "Swimming in Circles, Aquaculture and the End of Wild Oceans" (2006).

06R1 Reise, K., Olenin, S. and Thieltges, D. W. "Are aliens threatening European aquatic coastal ecosystems?" Helgoland Marine Research 60 (2006) pp. 77-83.
06U1 (Unknown) "UN Reports Increasing 'Dead Zones' in Oceans," Boston Globe (10/19/06).
06V1 Valiela, I. Global Coastal Change. Singapore: Blackwell (2006).

07A1 L. Airoldi and M.W. Beck, "Loss, Status and Trends for Coastal Marine Habitats of Europe." In Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review. Vol. 45: pp. 345-405. R. N. Gibson, R. J. A. Atkinson, and J. D. M. Gordon, Editors. Taylor and Francis (2007).
See D:\fish\European-Marine-Habitats.doc. The yellow-shaded stuff in that file needs to be copied to this D:\ccmaster\fi99.doc.
07A2 Anita Abbey, Mamoun Abdelgadir et al "Global Environmental Outlook," United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) (October 2007) 572 pages 22 MB.
07F1 FAO, "The State of the World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2006," FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 4 MB, (2006) 180 pp. 21 tables, 47 figures
http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/A0699e/A0699e00.pdf (Note: Replace A0699e00 by A0699e01 to obtain Chapter 1 etc.)
07H1 Diedtra Henderson, "Not enough shrimp, American's favorite seafood, to go around," The Boston Globe (7/24/07).
07M1 John W. Miller, "Global Fishing Trade Depletes African Waters," Watt Street Journal (7/18/07) p. A1.
07P1 Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER), "Attacks on Fishing Observers Rise by Almost Half in 2006" (10/16/07).

08A1 Jacqueline Alder, Daniel Pauly et al, "Forage Fish: From Ecosystems to Markets," Annual Review of Environment and Resources (November, 2008) (See Newswise (10/30/08)). The study is a product of the nine-year Sea Around Us Project, a partnership between the University of British Columbia in Vancouver and The Pew Charitable Trusts. The Sea Around Us Project has been primarily funded by the Pew Institute for Ocean Science, which is now the Institute for Ocean Conservation Science at Stony Brook University. The abstract is available online at http://arjournals.annualreviews.org/toc/energy/33/1
08B1 David Biello, "Oceanic Dead Zones Continue to Spread," Scientific American (8/15/08). (Contains the same basic information as (08V1)
08D1 Alister Doyle (environmental correspondent for Reuters), "Oceanic "dead zones" spread, fish more at risk-study" Reuters (9/29/08) (Reporting on a document recently published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences by _____)
08G1 John Grimond, "Troubled waters," The Economist print edition (12/30/08).
08K1 Kieran Kelleher, Rolf Willmann, "The Sunken Billions: The Economic Justification for Fishery Reform," A joint report released 10/9/08 by the World Bank and the FAO.
08L1 Sharon Lafraniere, "Africa coast being overfished," Pittsburgh Post Gazette (1/14/08) p. A4.
08M1 Lauren Morello, "Penguin decline reveals human fingerprint on climate, oceans" (11/17/08)
<http://www.earthportal.org/news/?p=3D1347> See http://www.earthportal.org/news/?p=3D1347. See <http://www.aibs.org/bioscience-press-releases/resources/Boersma.pdf> to read Boersma's article.
08R1 Elizabeth Rosenthal, "Europe's Appetite for Seafood Propels Illegal Trade," The New York Times (1/15/08).
08R2 Missy Ryan, "Ocean advocates hopeful WTO cut in fishing support," Reuters-USA (2/14/08).
08R3 Tim Radford, "More pressure on global fish stocks as scientists warn of underreporting of catches," Guardian News (7/9/08).
08S1 Jane Spencer, "Forest Clearing May Have Worsened Toll," Wall Street Journal (5/9/08) p. A10.
08T1 Andrea Thompson, "Devastation of Trawling Visible from Space," LiveScience (2/20/08).
08V1 Bina Venkataraman, "Rapid Growth Found in Oxygen-Starved Ocean 'Dead-Zones,'" The New York Times (8/15/08). (reporting on Robert J. Diaz et al, Science (8/15/08)) (This should go into sustainability document.)

09E1 Earth Island Journal, Spring, 2009 - Interview conducted, condensed, and edited by Nell Greenberg.
09F1 Alice Friedemann, "Peak Menhaden," Culture Change (2/11/09).
09H1 Robert Lee Hotz, "Whale Watch: Endangered Designation in Danger," Wall Street Journal (11/06/09) p. A26.
09L1 Scott Learn, "Pacific Whiting Catch Levels Cut In Half," The Oregonian (3/11/09).
09P1 Frank Pope, "Marine plant life holds the secret to preventing global warming," The Times (10/14/09).

09S1 Chris Stalling (Florida State University Coastal and Marine Laboratory), "Fishery Independent Data Reveal Negative Effect on Human Population Density on Caribbean Predatory Fish Communities," PloS One (
www.plosone.org/) (5/6/09) http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005333.
09U1 (Unknown) "Disappearing Seagrass Threatening Future of Coastal Ecosystems," Science Daily (7/6/09). (Based on a document in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences by William Dennison and Robert Orth)
09W1 Allison Winter, "Whales aren't contributing to depleting fish stocks - report," Journal of Science (2/12/09).

[H]~ 2010-2012 ~

10P1 David Pimentel et al, "Will Limited Land, Water, and Energy Control Human Population Numbers in the Future?" Springer Science+Business Media, LLC (August 2010).


Go to Top of this Reference List.
Go to
Fishery Degradation: A Global Perspective (Table of Contents).
Go to
Home Page of this entire web site