GRAZING LANDS DEGRADATION: A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE

- Grazing Basics -
- Grazing Land Productivity -
- Grazing Land and Animal Inventories -
- Grazing Land Degradation -
- Economics -
- Politics -
- Law -
- History -

Edition 6, July 2007
by
Bruce Sundquist

bsundquist1@windstream.net

Important Announcement: The Alltel phone company has been partially bought out by the Windstream phone company.  As a result, the URL of this website is being changed to http://home.windstream.net/bsundquist1 Between January 19 and May 15, both the usual URL http://home.alltel.net/bsundquist1 and the new URL will work.  After May 15, only the Windstream URL will work.  My apologies for any inconvenience this may cause you. 

Key Words: Arid lands, Bureau of Land Management, Desertification, Grassland burning, Grazing animal inventories, Grazing animal populations, Grazing lands carrying capacity, Grazing land degradation, Grazing lands inventories, Grazing politics, Grazing subsidies, Meat consumption, Meat production, Overgrazing, Riparian habitats, US rangelands

Prior Editions: - Ed.1 6/96 - Ed.2 6/98 - Ed.3 4/00 -Ed.4 9/03 - Ed.5 4/05

since 01/04/03

- TABLE OF CONTENTS

Note 1: Throughout this document, the notation (la) means that the corresponding information has been copied to a Land/ Aquatic-Area data file.
Note 2: If the system of units used in this document (normally metric) confuses you, see Chapter (6), Section (6-A).
Note 3: The notation (su3) in this review means that the data is used in the document analyzing the sustainability of the productivity of the world's food, fiber and water supply systems. (See elsewhere in this website.)

(1) -GRAZING LANDS OVERVIEW -

(2) -GRAZING BASICS -
(2-A) -Grazing Basics -
[A1] General, [A2] Aridity Issues, [A3] Short-duration- and Rest-Rotation Grazing, [A4] Input/Output, [A5] Livestock Mortality, [A6]~Range Vegetation Changes, [A7] Range Soil Changes, [A8] Desertification, [A9] Riparian Habitats, [A10] Suitability/ Need for Grazing, [A11] Forested Grasslands, [A12] Microbiotic Crusts, [A13] Holistic Range Management, [A14] Grazing Animal Differences,
(2-B) -- Grazing Lands Productivity -- [B1] Net Primary Production, [B2] Other Estimates of Grassland Productivity, [B3]~Grassland Burning, [B4] Wild Herbivore Productivity, [B5] Productivity Dependence on Precipitation, [B6]~Analysis: Livestock Carrying Capacity of the World's Grasslands,

(3) -INVENTORY OF GRAZING LANDS AND ANIMALS -
(3-A) -Global Inventories -
[A1] Land Inventories, [A2] Dry Lands, [A3] Grazeable Lands, [A4] Grazing Land, [A5] Analysis: The Global Inventory of Non-dry Grazing Lands, [A6] Analysis: National-, Regional and Global Grazing-Land Use, [A7] Animal Inventories, [A8] Animal Population Growth, [A9] Feedlot-related Issues,
(3-B) - Asia - [B1] Middle East, [B2] Far East, [B3] Asian Sub-Continent, [B4] Central Asia,
(3-C) - Africa - [C1] General, [C2] Sub-Saharan Africa,
(3-D) - North American Grazing Land - [D1] Data Tables, [D2] US Range Land Ownership, [D3] Cropland used to feed Livestock, [D4] US Drylands, [D5] Cropland used as Pasture (US), [D6] BLM and USFS Land, [D7] National Grasslands, [D8]~Riparian Lands, [D9] Public Grazing Land Lease/ Permit Characteristics, [D10] National Parks and similar lands, [D11]~State-owned lands,
(3-E) - North American Grazing Animals - [E1] Entire US, [E2] Western US, [E3] US Federal Lands, [E4] Eastern US, -
(3-F) - Inventories - South- and Central America -
[F1] Conversion of Forest to Cattle Pasture, [F2] Ruminant Inventories,
(3-G) - Europe, Australia and Oceania -

(4) -GRAZING LAND DEGRADATION -
(4-A) -Global Overview - [A1] General, [A2] Conversion of Cropland to Grazing land, [A3] Soil Erosion on Grazing Land, [A4]~Desertification, [A5] Soil Chemistry and Properties, [A6] Conversion of Grazing land to Cropland and Urban Land, [A7]~Grazing Effects on Plant Species, [A8]~Riparian Areas, [A9] Conversion of Forest Land to Grazing Land,
(4-B) - Grazing Land Degradation - Asia - [B1] Far East, [B2] Asian Sub-Continent, [B3] Middle East, [B4] Central Asia,
(4-C) - Africa - [C1] General, [C2] Northern Africa, [C3] Eastern Africa, [C4] Sahel, [C5] Southern Africa, [C6] Central Africa, [C7]~Western Africa,
(4-D) - North America - [D1] Western US in General, [D2] Desert Lands of North America, [D3] Riparian Areas, [D4]~Forested Grasslands, [D5] BLM Lands, [D6] Far West, [D7] Interior Columbia Basin, [D8] Indian Reservation Range Land, [D9]~Great Plains, [D10] Privately-owned Rangeland, [D11] State-Owned Rangeland, [D12] USFS Land, [D13] Great Basin, [D14]~Water Runoff from Grazing Lands, [D15] Exotic Species Effects, [D16] Juniper, [D17] National Parks and Similar Lands,

(4-E) - South and Central America - [E1] General, [E2] South America, [E3] Central America,
(4-F) - Europe, Australia and Oceania - [F1] Australia, [F2] New Zealand, [F3] Europe,

(5) - ECONOMICS, POLITICS, LAWS AND HISTORY
(5-A) -
Grazing Land Economic Issues - [A1] Desertification Costs, [A2] Water for Grazing, [A3] US Grazing Fees, [A4]~Grazing Economics, [A5] Economics of Alternatives to Grazing, [A6] Grazing Subsidies, [A7] Land Ownership Patterns, [A8]~Feedlot/ Meatpacker Data,
(5-B) - Meat- and Wool Production, Consumption, Exports, Prices -- [B1] Meat, Milk and Wool Production, [B2] Meat, Milk and Wool Consumption, [B3] Side Effects of Meat Consumption, [B4] Meat and Wool Exports, [B5] Feedlot/ Meatpacker Data, [B6] Meat/ Wool Prices,
(5-C) - Over-grazing Side-Effects (Starts a second file for Chapter 5) - [C1] Plants, [C2] Wildlife, [C3] Water, [C4] Forests and Forest Fires, [C5] People, [C6] Livestock, [C7] Public Access to Public Lands, [C8] Dust Storms,
(5-D) - Politics - [D1] Anger against federal employees and environmentalists, [D2] USFS, [D3] BLM, [D4] Grazing Fee Politics, [D5] Overgrazing Politics, [D6] Subsidy Politics, [D7] Emergency Feed Program Politics, [D8] Public Opinion, [D9] Foreign Grazing Politics, [D10]~Grazing Permit Buyout,
(5-E) - Law - [E1] Major Federal Laws (Chronological order), [E2] Grazing Permits, [E3] Grazing on Western Public Lands - Right or Privilege, [E4] Lawsuits, [E5] Indian Lands, [E6] State Laws, [E7] National (US) Wildlife Refuges, [E8] Asia, [E9] Europe,
(5-F) - History of Grazing and Grazing Lands - [F1] General, [F2] Oceania, [F3] Africa, [F4] Iceland, [F5] Asia, [F6]~Major Grasslands of Centuries Past, [F7] US Deserts, [F8] Early US Wildlife, [F9] Early US Livestock Populations, [F10] Latin America,
[F11] Native Prairie, [F12] Trees and Shrubs on Grasslands,
(5-G) - Livestock-Generated Waste -
(5-H) -
Grain-Grass Substitution - [H1] Global, [H2] US, [H3] Outside the US,

(6) - APPENDICES -
(6-A) -
Conversion Factors - Precise - [A1] Lengths, [A2] Areas, [A3] Weights. [A4] Volumes,
(6-B) - Conversion Factors - Imprecise -
(6-C) -
Definitions -
(6-D) -
Information Sources and Organizations
(6-E) - Databases -

(7) -REFERENCES - [A] Before 1980, [B] 1980 - 82, [C] 1983 - 85, [D] 1986 - 88, [E] 1989 - 91, [F] 1992 - 94, [G] 1995 - 97, [H] 1998 - 2000, [I] 2001 - 03, [J] 2004-06, [K] 2007-2009,

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