REFERENCES (as of 6/17/09)

Go to The Controversy over US Support for International Family Planning: An Analysis ~ (These references pertain to this document.)
Go to the home page of this website ~

~ 1980-84, 1985-89, 1990-94, 1995-99, 2000-04, 2005-2009,

55C1 Vernon Gill Carter, Tom Dale, Topsoil and Civilization, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman OK (1955) 292 pp.
68H1 Garrett Hardin, "The Tragedy of the Commons", Science 162(13) (1968) pp. 1243-1248.
77H1 See, for example, Marvin Harris, Cannibals and Kings: The Origins of Cultures, Random House New York (1977) 239 pp.
78W1 "Traditional Large Family of American Catholics is No Longer the Norm", Family Planning Perspective 10(4) (1978) p. 241. From C. F. Westoff and E. F. Jones, "The End of "Catholic" Fertility" (paper presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America, Atlanta (4/12-15/78).)

~ 1980-1984 ~
Julian Simon, The Ultimate Resource, Princeton University Press, Princeton NJ (1981).
84B1 C. A. Bachrach, "Contraceptive Practices Among American Women, 1973-1982", Family Planning Perspectives 19(6) (1984) p. 253.
84S1 T. W. Smith, "Catholic Attitude Toward Abortion", Conscience 5(4) (1984) p. 6.

~ 1985-1989 ~
86M1 Stephen D. Mumford, The Pope and the New Apocalypse: The Holy War Against Family Planning, Center for Research on Population and Security (1986) 82 pp.
87J1 D. G. Johnson, R. D. Lee, Population Growth and Economic Development: Issues and Evidence, University of Wisconsin Press (1987).
88C1 Susan H. Cochrane, "The Effects of Education, Health and Social Security on Fertility in Developing Countries", Policy, Planning and Research Working Paper No. 93, World Bank, Washington DC (1988).
89R1 Jerry Regier et al, "The Christian World View of the Family", Coalition on Revival Inc., Fresno, CA (1989) (See Dana Canedy, New York Times (8/17/02)).

~ 1990-1994 ~
J. Bongaarts, W. P. Mauldin, J. F. Phillips, "The Demographic Impact of IFP Programs", Studies in Family-planning, 21 (1990) pp. 299-310.
90K1 J. Knodel, H. Napaporn, S. Werasit, "Family size and the education of children in the context of rapid fertility decline", Population and Development Review, 49(2) (1990) pp. 31-62.
91J1 Lynn Jacobs, Waste of the West: Public Lands Grazing, P.O. Box 5784, Tucson, AZ 85703 602 pp. (1991).
91M1 W. D. Montalbano, Pittsburgh Press (11/10/91).
92K1 Hal Kane, "A Deluge of Refugees", WorldWatch (Nov.-December 1992), pp. 32-33.
93L1 Paul Lewis, "A Huddled Mass of 44 Million", New York Times (11/10/93) or shortly before
93W1 World Bank, Effective Family-planning Programs, Washington DC (1993).
94B1 J. Bongaarts, "Population Policy Options in the Developing World", Science, 263 (1994) pp. 771-776.
94D1 "Taking From The Taxpayer: Public Subsidies for Natural Resource Development", Democratic Staff Report, Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, Committee on Natural Resources, US House of Rep., 103rd Congress 2nd Session, 8/94, Washington DC (
94H1 Thomas Homer-Dixon, "Environmental Scarcities and Violent Conflicts: Evidence from Cases", International Security, 19(1) (1994), pp. 5-40.
94P1 Population Action International, study reported in Pittsburgh Post Gazette (6/14/94).
94S1 Palmer Stacy, "The Great Betrayal: U.S. Immigration Policy, 1965-1993". (Ref. (94D1), pp.XII-18-24).

~ 1995-1999 ~
John Bongaarts and Judith Bruce, "The Causes of unmet Needs for Contraception and Social Content of Services", Studies in Family Planning, 26(2) (1995) pp. 57-75.
95B2 F. O. Balogun, "Adjusted Lives: stories of structural adjustment," Trenton NJ (1995) p. 80.
95C1 Joel E. Cohen, How Many People Can the Earth Support?, W.W. Norton., New York (1995).
95K1 Hal Kane, "What's Driving Migration?", WorldWatch, 8(1) (1995) pp. 23-33. Also see Hal Kane, "The Hour of Departure: Forces that Create Refugees and Migrants", WorldWatch Paper 125 (June 1995) 56 pp.
95P1 Population Council, "Why Women Who Don't Want to Get Pregnant Don't Use Contraception", Population Briefs, 1(2) (June 1995).
95U1 UN, UN Programme of action of International Conference on Population and Development, New York (1995) 115 pp.

96G1 Alan Guttmacher Institute, "Endangered: US Aid for IFP Overseas" (1996).
96K1 Allen C. Kelley, Robert M. Schmidt, "Savings, Dependency and Development", Journal of Population Economics, 9(4) (1996) pp. 365-386.
96M1 Stephen D. Mumford, "The Life and Death of NSSM 200", Center for Research on Population and Security. P.O. Box 13067, Research Triangle Park NC 27709; 919-933-7491 (1996) .
96S1 Charles H. Southwick, Global Ecology in Human Perspective, Oxford University Press, New York (1996).
96S2 Julian Simon, The Ultimate Resource 2, Princeton University Press, Princeton NJ (1996).
97B1 Fred R. Bleakley, Wall Street Journal (11/4/97) reporting on a study by Gerald Scully of the National Center for Policy Analysis.
97P1 David Poindexter, "Population Realities and Economic Growth," Population Press, 4(2), (Nov/December 1997)
97R1 Rockefeller Foundation, High Stakes: Global Population and Our Common Future (1997)
97R2 Carole Radoki, "Global Forces, Urban Change, and Urban Management in Africa," in Radoki, Urban Challenge (1997) (See Charles Green, editor, "Globalization and Survival in the Black Diaspora: The New Urban Challenge" (1997).
97R3 Curtis Runyan, "No Asylum for Refugees", Worldwatch, 10(6) (1997) p. 6 (reporting on the 1997 World Refugee Survey).
97W1 World Bank, World Development Indicators, Washington DC (1997).
97W2 Timothy C. Weiskel, "Environmental Aspects of International Security: Some Preliminary Sources", 1(6) (1997),
97W3 George F. Will, "Dealing with the dragon", Pittsburgh Post Gazette (4/20/97).

98A1 Africa Policy Information Center (APIC)**, "Africa at the Turning Point: Development Hinges on Success in Population, Health" (May 3, 1998) Washington, DC ** 110 Maryland Ave. NE, #509, Washington DC 20002. 202-546-7961.
98B1 Rodolfo A. Bulatao, "The Value of Family-Planning Programs in Developing Countries", RAND MR-978-WFHF/RF/UNFPA (1998) 79 pp.
98B2 Lester R. Brown, Jennifer Mitchell, "Building a New Economy", in Linda Starke, ed., State of the World: 1998, Worldwatch Institute, W. W. Norton Co., New York (1998).
98B3 David E. Bloom, Jeffrey G. Williamson, "Demographic Transitions and Economic Miracles in Emerging Asia", World Bank Economic Review (September 1998) pp. 419-455.
98H1 High Commissioner for Refugees, The State of the World's Refugees 1997-98: A Humanitarian Agenda, UN, New York, Oxford University Press. 298 pp.
98H2 Thomas F. Homer-Dixon, Jessica Blitt, editors, Ecoviolence: Links Among Environment, Population, and Security, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, inc., (1998) 256 pp.
98R1 Michael Renner, "Curbing the Proliferation of Small Arms", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World, 1998, W. W. Norton & Co., New York (1998) pp. 131-148.
98U1 United Nations, World Population Projections to 2150, United Nations, New York (1998).
98U2 U. S. Agency for International Development, "Unmet Need for Family Planning, POP BRIEFS (September 1998).
98W1 Charles F. Westoff, et al, "The Replacement of Abortion by Contraception in Three Central Asian Republics", Calverton MD: The Policy Project and Macro International, Inc. (1998).

99B1 J. Bongaarts, "Future Population Growth and Policy Options," in A. Mason, T. Merrick and R.P. Shaw, editors, Population Economics, Demographic Transition and Development: Research and Policy Implications", Washington DC: World Bank (1999).
99D1 Cynthia Dailard, "Abortion in Context: United States and Worldwide", The Alan Guttmacher Institute (May 1999) 12 pp.
99E1 Nicholas Eberstadt, "Six Billion Reasons to Cheer", Wall Street Journal (10/12/99).
99G1 Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI) (1/21/99).
99G2 Georgie Ann Geyer, "Population Growth Is the Pivotal Issue in Economic Development", The Salt Lake Tribune From the UN web site (6/4/99).
99H1 Steven Harrison, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Toronto, around 1999
99M1 T.M. McDevitt, World Population Profile: 1998, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington (1999) pp. 9-17 (See Ref. (00S1) and the web site
99P1 Population Action International, a 1999 "Fact Sheet" using data from The Futures Group International; UN Population Division; Demographics and Health Surveys.
99U1 Ushma Upadhyay, Bryant Robey, "Why Family-planning Matters", Population Reports, Johns Hopkins Population Information Program (September 1999) (See
99U2 United Nations Economic and Social Council, "World demographic trends: Report of the Secretary-General", [Geneva], UN (1/4/99) 17 pp.
99U3 United Nations, "World Population Prospects: The 1998 Revision", U.N., New York (1999).
99U4 U.S. Bureau of the Census, International Brief, World Population at a Glance: 1998 and Beyond, Washington DC, U.S. Government Printing Office (1999).
99U5 United Nations Population Fund, 6 Billion - A Time for Choices, The State of World Population, (1999).
99W1 Patricia Wolff, The Taxpayer's Guide to Subsidized Ranching in the Southwest, Center for Biological Diversity and New West Research (September 1999) 23 pp.
99W2 Jane Willms, "Environmental Scarcities, State Capacity, and Civil Violence", Peace and Conflict Studies Program, University of Toronto (1999).

~ 2000-2004 ~
David M. Adamson, Nancy Belden, Julie DaVanzo, Sally Patterson, "How Americans View World Population Issues: A Survey of Public Opinion", RAND MR-1114-DLPF/WFHF/RF (2000).
00C1 National Intelligence Agency, CIA, "Global Trends 2015: A Dialogue About the Future with Non-government Experts", (70pp, unclassified) reported on in New York Times (12/18/00) (also see or ).
00I1 Inter-American Development Bank, Development Beyond Economics: 2000 Report, Economic and Social Progress in Latin America, Washington DC: IDB,2000.
00N1 Brian Nichiporuk, "The Security Dynamics of Demographic Factors", RAND MR-1088-WFHF/RF/DLPF/A (2000) 52 pp.
00P1 Malcolm Potts, "The Unmet Need for Family-planning", Scientific American, January, 2000.
00S1 J. Joseph Speidel, "Environment and Health: 1. Population, Consumption and Human Health", Canadian Medical Association Journal, 163(5) (9/5/00) pp. 551-556.
00S2 Singapore Straits Times editorial (8/21/00).
00S3 SIPRI Research Group, Wall Street Journal (6/14/00).
00U1 (Author Unknown) "Opinions that Count: How Swing Voters in Congress view Global Population Issues", RAND, RB-5041 (2000)
00U2 UNFPA, Financial Resource Flows for Population Activities in 1999 (2000) 44 pp.
00U3 United Nations, Global Population Database, 1999, Department of Economics and Social Affairs, Population Division, New York: United Nations (2000).
00W1 World Resources Institute, World Resources 2000-2001, World Resources Institute, 10 G St. NE, Washington DC 20002, (2000) 389 pp.
00W2 Stanley Wood, Kate Sebastian, Sara J. Scherr, PILOT Analysis of Global Ecosystems: Agroecosystems, International Food Policy Research Institute and World Resources Institute, Washington DC (2000) 94 pp.

01C1 Anthony H. Cordesman, Terrorism, Asymmetric Warfare, and Weapons of Mass Destruction, Praeger (2001) 456 pp.
01I1 International Planned Parenthood Federation, Western Hemisphere Region, in a release of 11/20/01.
01L1 Bjorn Lomborg, The Skeptical Environmentalist, Cambridge University Press (2001) 496 pp.
01M1 Douglas Martin, "Sripati Chandrasekhar, India's champion of population control", San Francisco Chronicle (6/24/01).
01N1 Larry Nowels, "Population Assistance and IFP Programs: Issues for Congress", Congressional Research Service Issue Brief IB96026 (2/21/01) 10pp.
01R1 Mizanur Rahman, Julie DaVanzio, Abdur Razzaque, "Do Better Family Planning Services Reduce Abortion in Bangladesh?", The Lancet, 358(9287) (2001) pp. 1051-1056.
01S2 Paul Simon, Chicago Tribune (10/12/01).
01U1 (Unknown), "UN warns of runaway urbanization and environmental crisis in Asia", Associated Press, 6/6/01, reporting on a 6/6/01 report by the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
01U2 United Nations, World Population Prospects: the 2000 Revision, Dept. of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, New York: United Nations (2001).

02B1 Stan Bernstein, "Freshwater and Human Population: A Global Perspective", in Karen Krchnak, editor, Human Population and Freshwater Resources: U. S. Cases and International Perspective, Yale University, New Haven (2002) 177 pp.
02D1 "Promises to keep: The Toll of Unintended Pregnancies on Women's Lives in the Developing World," Global Health Council, 1701 K Street, Suite 600, Washington, DC 20006, 202-833-5900, 20 Palmer Court, White River Junction, VT 05001, 802-649-1340, (2002) Authors: Nils Daulaire, M.D., M.P.H., Pat Leidl, M.A., Laurel Mackin, M.A., Colleen Murphy, and Laura Stark, M.Sc. Ph.D.
02E1 EngenderHealth, Contraceptive Sterilization: Global Issues and Trends, EngenderHealth Material Resources Dept., 440 Ninth Ave., New York 10001 (2002) or downloadable from
02F1 Juan Forero, "In Latin America, capitalism under attack", New York Times (7/22/02) See Pittsburgh Post Gazette (7/22/02).
02F2 Heidi Fritschel, "Nurturing the Soil in Sub-Saharan Africa", IFPRI, 2020 News and Views (July 2002).
02H1 Carl Haub, "Poverty Fuels Developing World's High Birth Rate", in 2002 Population Data Sheet, Population Reference Bureau (2002).
02M1 Thomas W. Merrick, "Population and Poverty: New Views on an Old Controversy", International Family Planning Perspectives, 28(1) (2002) 10 pp. .
02R1 John A. Ross, William L. Winfrey, "Unmet Need for Contraception in the Developing World and the Former Soviet Union: An Updated Estimate", International Family Planning Perspectives 28(3) (2002).
02S1 Judith R, Seltzer, "The origins and Evolution of Family Planning Programs in Developing Countries, RAND, Santa Monica, CA (2002) 185 pp.
02U1 US Census Bureau, International Data Base of 10/10/02,
02W1 George Wuerthner, private correspondence citing data in "Montana Rangeland Resource Program" by Montana Dept. of Natural Resources and Conservation, and in Forest Service General Technical Report 181 "An Analysis of the Land-Base Situation in the United States".
02W2 Edward O. Wilson, The Future of Life, Alfred A. Knopf (2002).

03B1 David E. Bloom, David Canning, Jaypee Sevilla, "The Demographic Dividend: A New Perspective on the Economic Consequences of Population Change", RAND Corporation, Santa Monica CA (2003) 107 pages.
03N1 Gautam Naik, "As Tunisia Wins Population Battle, Others See a Model", Wall Street Journal (8/8/03).
03T1 Roger Thurow, "Behind the Famine in Ethiopia: Glut and Aid Policies Gone Bad", Wall Street Journal (7/1/03).
03U1 UN-Habitat (The UN's Human Settlement Program) "The Challenge of the Slums: Global Report on Human Settlements 2003," London (2003) (the first truly global audit on urban poverty).

04B1 Colin D. Butler, "Human Carrying Capacity and Human Health," Plos Medicine, 1(3) (December 2004) pp. 192-194,
04D1 Jared Diamond, "Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed", Viking (2004) 576 pp.
04H1 John Harwood, "Competitive Edge of U.S. Is at Stake in the R&D Arena" Wall Street Journal (3/17/04).
04H2 Chris Hawley (Associated Press) "U.N. to combat growing deserts", Pittsburgh Post Gazette (6/16/04).
Emad Mekay, "NAFTA: North American Deal Dismal After a Decade", Inter Press Service, (12/27/03)
04P1 Population Action International, "How Demographic Transition Reduces Countries' Vulnerability to Civil Conflict" in PAI's publication The Security Demographic: Population and Civil Conflict After the Cold War (2/11/04).
04R1 William Ryerson, "PMC-Ethiopia's two radio serial dramas are causing great behavior changes", Ethiopian Reporter (6/16/04). Contact William Ryerson, President, Population Media Center, 145 Pine Haven Shores Road, Suite 2011, P.O. Box 547, Shelburne VT 05482.
04R2 Abdulatif Mohamed Jamal Rashid - Minister of Irrigation in 2004 in Iraq, "Importance of Boosting Water Infrastructure in a Developing Country", in Sunanda Kishore and Christopher Head, (Independent Consultants working with the World Bank), "World Water Week: Report on the Seminar on Financing Water Infrastructure," World Bank and the Stockholm International Water Institute Stockholm (8/15/04).
04S1 Susheela Singh, Jacqueline E. Darroch, Michael Vlassoff, Jennifer Nadeau, "Adding it Up: The Benefits of Investing in Sexual and Reproductive Health Care", Alan Guttmacher Institute (2004) 40 pp.
04V1 Michael Vatikiotis, "China's Growing Clout Alarms Smaller Neighbors", Wall Street Journal (6/16/04) p. A12.

~ 2005-2009 ~
D. R. Hogan, R. Baltussen, C. Hayashi, J. A. Lauer, Joshua A. Salmon, "Cost Effectiveness Analysis of Strategies to Combat HIV/AIDS in Developing Countries," British Medical Journal 331 (11/10/05) pp. 1431-1437.
05L1 David Luhnow, John Lyons, "In Latin America, Rich-Poor Chasm Stifles Growth," Wall Street Journal (7/18/05) p. A1.
05L2 K. Lee, G. Walt, L. Lush and J. Cleland, "Population Policies and Programmes: Determinants and Consequences in Eight Developing countries," London School of Hygene and Tropical Medicine (2005).) See "Return of the Population Growth Factor: Its impact on the Millennium Development Goals," Report of the Hearings by the All Party Parliamentary Group on Population, Development and Reproductive Health (January, 2007.)
05U1 (Unknown) "The Water Conflicts in the Middle East from a Palestinian Perspective", Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem (2005) (visited 4/29/05)

06B1 Dr. Tim Black, Chief Executive of Marie Stopes International, in a personal communication to this author of 11/23/06.
06I1 International Service Assistance Fund, press release of 6/22/06. (Contact ISAF at 919-990-9099 or visit
06J1 Priya Jain, "The battle to ban birth control," (3/20/06).
06K1 June Kronholz, John Lyons, "Smaller Families in Mexico May Stir U. S. Job Market," Wall Street Journal (4/28/06) p. A1.
06S2 Bruce Sundquist, "The Earth's Carrying Capacity - Some Related Reviews and Analyses," index.html (June, 2006).

07S1 Bruce Sundquist, "Globalization: The Convergence Issue", Edition 16 (September 2007)
07S2 Bruce Sundquist, "Strategies for Funding Family Planning, Maternal Health Care, and Battles Against HIV/AIDS in Developing Nations as Options Expand, Political Environments Shift and Needs Grow: A Critique," Edition 4 (August 2007)
07S3 Bruce Sundquist, "Quinacrine Sterilization - The Controversy and the Potential," Edition 1 (January, 2007),
07S4 Bruce Sundquist, "Fishery Degradation - A Global Perspective," Edition 8 (July 2007)

08S1 Bruce Sundquist, "Could Family Planning Cure Terrorism?" Edition 7 (March 2008),
08S2 Bruce Sundquist, "The Sustainability of the World's Outputs of Food, Wood and freshwater for Human Consumption," Edition 1 (March 2008)
08S3 Bruce Sundquist, "The Informal Economy of the Developing World: The Context, The Prognosis and a Broader Perspective," Edition 1 (March 2008)
08S4 Bruce Sundquist, "The Muslim World's Changing Views Toward Family Planning and Contraception," Edition 2 (March, 2008)

09M1 Dambisa Moyo, "Why Foreign Aid is Hurting Africa," Wall Street Journal (3/21-22/09) p. W1.