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Natural Plant Dyeing Vocabulary

And Basic Dyeing Technique

Acid-any compound that reacts with a base to form a salt, produces hydrogen ions, turns blue litmus paper red

Alum-used in medicine and in making dyes Anthracene-a product of coal-tar distillation used in making dyes and as a radiation detector

Azoic-contains the nitrogen radical -N:N(azo dyes)

Bast-fiber obtained from phloem

Bice-a grayish blue, duller than azure

Carotene-any of three red or orange-colored hydrocarbons

Chrome-any of certain salts of chromium, used in dyeing and tanning

Cyan-blue (containing cyanogen)

Elastomer-a rubberlike synthetic polymer, as silicone rubber Hemp-a tall Asiatic plant having tough fiber in its stem Ink-------Indigo or any hue extracted from berries.

Kermes-the dried bodies of certain Mediterranean insects, used to make a purple-red dye; the dye Solubilized-the condition or extent of being soluble; the amount that can be solubilize

Mordant- soak to set dye. Urine is a mordant, used by settlers in Colonial America.

Tint-a delicate color or hue; tinge; a color or shading of a color

Tyrian-a purple or crimson dye used by the ancient Romans and Greeks; bluish red, substituted in the New World by Pokeweed aka Inkberry

History of Natural Dyes- an interesting subject- Long ago the ancient people used Indigo from plant leaves of the genus Indigofera, and fabrics with these dyes have been found in Egyptian and Peruvian Inca tombs. Alizarin used to be called "Madder", and is the main ingredient in the famous "Turkey Red" dye, which was used for centuries as the standard for brilliant red, came from the Rubia tinctorum plant. No history is complete without mention of the Tyrian purple, animal dye from a mollusk near ancient Greece- millions of those mollusks died so the royalty could wear their purple robes. Natural plant dying is becoming more popular every year.

 

HOW TO DYE WITH NATURAL DYE PLANTS

With berries secured in a nylon stocking, simmer the berries in a pot of water.

Add cloth and simmer until desired intensity of color is obtained.

Allow to cool before removing, rinsing and drying.

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