**
Section 1-1: Points and Lines **

**This section is a
basic
review of lines and points and their relationship to graphing. It
is your job to know each of these terms, so get to it and memorize
them!!**

Demo:
Points in the xy plane!(Kennesaw State University)
Demo:
Distance Formula! (David Wees)
Demo:
2x2 Linear systems! (Ron Blond)

**1)
A solution of an equation is an ordered
pair
that makes the equation true.**
**2)
The x - intercept is where the graph
crosses
the x-axis (also called zero, root or solution). The y -
intercept is
of course, where the graph crosses the y-axis.**
**3)
A linear equation is in the form of Ax +
By
= C where A and B are not both zero! This is called the general
form of a linear equation and graphs into
a line. (amazing!)**

*Sketching the
graph of
a line!*
**One technique for
graphing
a line is to find the intercepts. Recall that it takes only two
points
to determine a line! To find the y-intercept let x
= 0 and to find the x-intercept let y
= 0!**

**Sketch the graph of 2x
+
5y = 10.**
**Solution:**
**Find the y-intercept
by
letting x = 0**
**2(0) + 5y = 10**
**5y = 10**
**y = 2 Therefore,
the
y-intercept is (0, 2)**
**Find the x-intercept
by
letting y = 0**
**2x + 5(0) = 10**
**2x = 10**
**x = 5 Therefore, the
x-intercept
is (5, 0)**
**Here is the graph!!**

**Remember, there are
three
types of lines: vertical, horizontal and slanted! You need to know
the equations of the horizontal and
vertical.
Study the following graphs:**
**Note that the equation
of
a vertical line is x = constant(yellow on graph)**
**and the equation of a
horizontal
line is y = constant(purple on graph)**

**Intersection of lines**
**There are three ways
two
lines can intersect in a plane. They can intersect exactly at one
point, or they can be parallel, or they can have an infinite
number
of solutions (same line).**
**To find the
intersection,
solve the equations simultaneously. (at the same time!)**
**Example: Find
the
intersection point for the equations**
**2x + 5y = 10**
**x + y = 5**
**Using linear
combinations
(add/subtract method), multiply #2 by -2**
**-2x - 2y = -10**
__2x + 5y = 10__
**
3y = 0**
**
y = 0**
**To find x, replace y
with
0 in either of the original equations.**
**x + 0 = 5**
**x = 5**
**The intersection
point is
(5, 0)**
**The graph is below:**
**
Important to remember **
**When using this
method,
if both variables are eliminated, the result depends on the
truth/falseness
of the statement. If the resulting statement is true, this means
the lines are the same and you have an infinite number of
solutions.
But, if the resulting statement is false, the lines have no common
solution,
they are parallel!!**

**Distance and
Midpoint Formulas**
**Let A = (x**_{1},
y_{1}), B = (x_{2},
y_{2}) and M be
the midpoint
of AB. Then:

Example) Find the
distance
between (-1, 9) and (4, -3). Then find the midpoint.
Distance =
Midpoint =

*That does it for
the
first section. It is basic algebra review. You should have
no problem with it!! On to the next section*